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Cecil John Rhodes PC was a British businessman, mining magnate and politician in South Africa, who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896.
Born: July 5, 1853, Bishop's Stortford, United Kingdom
Died: March 26, 1902, Muizenberg, South Africa
Education: University of Oxford
Lived: Brown's Hotel, 33 Albemarle Street, W1S
Rhodes Arts Complex, 1-3 South Rd, Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire CM23 3JG, UK (51.86355, 0.16377)
6 King Edward St, Oxford OX1 4HT, UK (51.75203, -1.25462)
Buried: World's View Lookout, Gwanda, Matabeleland South, Zimbabwe
Buried alongside: Leander Starr Jameson
Find A Grave Memorial# 2313
Books: The last will and testament of Cecil John Rhodes
Siblings: Frank Rhodes

In 1882, Cecil Rhodes drew up a will leaving his estate to Neville Pickering. Two years later, Pickering suffered a riding accident. Rhodes nursed him faithfully for six weeks, refusing even to answer telegrams concerning his business interests. Pickering died in Rhodes's arms, and at his funeral, Rhodes was said to have wept with fervor. Rhodes also remained close to Leander Starr Jameson. In 1896, Earl Grey came to give Rhodes bad news. Rhodes instantly jumped to the conclusion that Jameson, who was ill, had died. On learning that his house had burnt down, he commented, "Thank goodness. If Dr. Jim had died I should never have got over it." Jameson nursed Rhodes during his final illness, was a trustee of his estate and residuary beneficiary of his will, which allowed him to continue living in Rhodes' mansion after his death. Rhodes' secretary, Jourdan, who was present shortly after Rhodes' death said, "Jameson was fighting against his own grief ... No mother could have displayed more tenderness towards the remains of a loved son." Jameson died in England in 1917, but in 1920, his body was transferred to a grave beside that of Rhodes on Malindidzimu Hill or World's View.

Together from 1894 to 1902: 8 years.
Cecil John Rhodes DCL (July 5, 1853 –March 26, 1902)
Sir Leander Starr Jameson, 1st Baronet, KCMG, CB, PC (February 9, 1853 –November 26, 1917)

Days of Love: Celebrating LGBT History One Story at a Time
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House: The Rhodes Arts Complex & Bishop’s Stortford Museum is a museum and contemporary venue for arts, culture and conferences in Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire.

Address: 5 S Road, Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire CM23 3YR, UK (51.86355, 0.16377)
Phone: +44 1279 651746
Website: http://www.rhodesbishopsstortford.org.uk/
English Heritage Building ID: 160968 (Grade II, 1949)

Place
One of the buildings, Netteswell House, was the birthplace in 1853 of Cecil Rhodes, financier, statesman and founder of diamond company De Beers. The complex was refurbished in 2005 and has a 300-seat theatre, a multi-purpose studio space, a museum and an exhibition gallery. It provides a programme of arts events and hosts professional touring productions, dance groups, musicians and comedians. Films are also shown in its tiered auditorium. The Rhodes Arts Complex also contains an exhibition gallery for art and photography. The Bishop’s Stortford Museum houses the Rhodes Collection containing interactive displays, archives, photographs and artefacts about the life of Cecil Rhodes. The museum combines the collections of the former Rhodes Memorial Museum and the Bishop’s Stortford Local History Museum. The Rhodes Museum was established in 1938 in two listed Victorian buildings. The current museum opened in 2005. The original part of Rhodes’ home holds exhibits on the life of Cecil Rhodes, XIX century South African artefacts from his travels, and a reconstructed middle class Victorian drawing room with family memorabilia. The new building features exhibits about local history.

Life
Who: Cecil John Rhodes PC (July 5, 1853 – March 26, 1902)
Cecil Rhodes was a British colonial-era businessman, mining magnate, and politician in South Africa. An ardent believer in British colonialism, Rhodes was the founder of the southern African territory of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe and Zambia), which was named after him in 1895. South Africa’s Rhodes University is also named after Rhodes. He set up the provisions of the Rhodes Scholarship, which is funded by his estate. Rhodes never married, pleading, "I have too much work on my hands" and saying that he would not be a dutiful husband. Some writers and academics have suggested that Rhodes may have been homosexual. The scholar Richard Brown observed: "On the issue of Rhodes’ sexuality... there is, once again, simply not enough reliable evidence to reach firm, irrefutable conclusions. It is inferred, but not proven, that Rhodes was homosexual and it is assumed (but not proven) that his relationships with men were sometimes physical. Neville Pickering (died in 1886) is described as Rhodes’ lover in spite of the absence of decisive evidence." Rhodes was close to Pickering; he returned from negotiations for Pickering’s 25th birthday in 1882. On that occasion, Rhodes drew up a new will leaving his estate to Pickering. Two years later, Pickering suffered a riding accident. Rhodes nursed him faithfully for six weeks, refusing even to answer telegrams concerning his business interests. Pickering died in Rhodes’s arms, and at his funeral, Rhodes was said to have wept with fervour. Pickering’s successor was Henry Latham Currey (1863-1945), the son of an old friend, who had become Rhodes’s private secretary in 1884. When Currey was engaged in 1894, Rhodes was deeply mortified and their relationship split. Rhodes also remained close to Leander Starr Jameson (1853-1917) after the two had met in Kimberley, where they shared a bungalow. In 1896 Earl Grey came to give Rhodes bad news. Rhodes instantly jumped to the conclusion that Jameson, who was ill, had died. On learning that his house had burnt down he commented, "Thank goodness. If Dr Jim had died, I should never have got over it." Jameson nursed Rhodes during his final illness, was a trustee of his estate and residuary beneficiary of his will, which allowed him to continue living in Rhodes’ mansion after his death. Rhodes’s secretary, Jourdan, who was present shortly after Rhodes’s death said, "Jameson was fighting against his own grief... No mother could have displayed more tenderness towards the remains of a loved son.” Jameson died in England in 1917, but after the war in 1920 his body was transferred to a grave beside that of Rhodes on Malindidzimu Hill or World’s View, a granite hill in the Matopo National Park 40 km south of Bulawayo.

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House: King Edward Street is a street running between the High Street to the north and Oriel Square to the south in central Oxford.
Address: King Edward St, Oxford OX1 4HT, UK (51.75203, -1.25462)

Place
On the wall of the first floor of No. 6, there is a large metal plaque with a portrait of Cecil Rhodes; underneath is the inscription: “In this house, the Rt. Hon Cecil John Rhodes kept academical residence in the year 1881. This memorial is erected by Alfred Mosely in recognition of the great services rendered by Cecil Rhodes to his country.” In December 2015 Oriel College announced that the process to remove the plaque was about to start. To the east is the "Island" site of Oriel College, one of the colleges of Oxford University. To the west are shops, including Shepherd & Woodward, the leading University outfitters, fronting onto the High Street. King Edward Street is officially designated as part of the A420 road due to the blockage of the High Street to normal traffic. The street was only created in 1872–73 by Oriel College when 109 and 110 High Street were demolished, so it is much wider than other older streets off the High Street. The buildings were mostly designed by Frederick Codd. On No. 14 lived Felix Yusupov, one of the murderers of Grigori Rasputin.

Life
Who: Cecil John Rhodes PC (July 5, 1853 – March 26, 1902)
Cecil Rhodes was a student at Oxford, and a member of Oriel College, in the 1870s, and left money to the College on his death. On November 6, 2015, Oriel received a petition organised by the Rhodes Must Fall in Oxford movement, calling for the removal of the statue of Cecil Rhodes from the College’s High Street frontage. The petition said that its continued presence violates the University’s commitment to “fostering an inclusive culture which promotes equality, values diversity and maintains a working, learning and social environment in which the rights and dignity of all its staff and students are respected.” Cecil Rhodes’s historical legacy includes the Rhodes Scholarships programme, which he endowed and which has so far given nearly 8000 scholars from countries around the world the opportunity to study at Oxford. But Rhodes was also a XIX century colonialist whose values and world view stand in absolute contrast to the ethos of the Scholarship programme today, and to the values of a modern University.

Queer Places, Vol. 2.1: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World
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Accomodation: Brown's Hotel (33 Albemarle St, Mayfair, London W1S 4BP) is a 5-star hotel in London. Founded in 1837 by James and Sarah Brown, it is one of London's most established hotels, celebrating its 175th anniversary in 2012. Brown's has been owned by Rocco Forte Hotels since 3 July 2003 and is a member of The Leading Hotels of the World. Historian John Lothrop Motley stayed at the hotel in 1874, as shown in a letter he wrote on the 17th of June of that year, to Dutch historian Groen van Prinsterer. Celebrated Victorian writers Oscar Wilde, Arthur Conan Doyle, Robert Louis Stevenson, JM Barrie and Bram Stoker were also all regular visitors. The hotel has also hosted Alexander Graham Bell (who made the first phone call in Europe from the hotel), Theodore Roosevelt, Napoleon III, Empress Eugenie, Elizabeth, Queen of the Belgians, Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, George II, King of the Hellenes, Cecil Rhodes, Rudyard Kipling and Agatha Christie.

Queer Places, Vol. 2.1: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World
ISBN-13: 978-1532906312 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1532906315
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National Park: The Matobo National Park forms the core of the Matobo or Matopos Hills, an area of granite kopjes and wooded valleys commencing some 35 kilometres south of Bulawayo, southern Zimbabwe.

Address: Matopo National Park, Matobo, Zimbabwe, Africa (-20.55722, 28.5125)
Phone: +263 4 707 6249
Website: http://www.zimparks.org/

Place
Established in 1926.
The hills were formed over 2 billion years ago with granite being forced to the surface. The granite has eroded to produce smooth "whaleback dwalas" and broken kopjes, strewn with boulders and interspersed with thickets of vegetation. Mzilikazi, founder of the Ndebele nation, gave the area its name, meaning “Bald Heads.” The national park is the oldest in Zimbabwe, a bequest from Cecil Rhodes. The original park borders extended well to the south and east of the current park. These areas were redesignated for settlement as part of a compromise between the colonial authorities and the local people, creating the Khumalo and Matobo Communal Lands. The park area then increased with the acquisition of World’s View and Hazelside farms to the north. Cecil Rhodes, Leander Starr Jameson, and several other leading early white settlers, including Allan Wilson and all the members of the Shangani Patrol killed in the First Matabele War, are buried on the summit of Malindidzimu, the “hill of the spirits.” This is a great source of controversy in modern Zimbabwe as this is considered a sacred place by nationalists and indigenous groups. This mount is also referred to as the World’s View. The Hills cover an area of about 3100 km², of which 424 km² is National Park, the remainder being largely communal land and a small proportion of commercial farmland. The park extends along the Thuli, Mtshelele, Maleme and Mpopoma river valleys. Part of the national park is set aside as a 100 km² game park, which has been stocked with game including the white rhinoceros. The highest point in the hills is the promontory named Gulati (1549 m) just outside the north-eastern corner of the park. Administratively, Matobo National Park incorporates the Lake Matopos Recreational Park, being the area around Hazelside, Sandy Spruit and Lake Matopos.

Life
Who: Cecil John Rhodes PC (July 5, 1853 – March 26, 1902) and Sir Leander Starr Jameson, 1st Baronet (February 9, 1853 – November 26, 1917)
Sir Leander Starr Jameson was a British colonial politician who was best known for his involvement in the Jameson Raid. After acting as house physician, house surgeon and demonstrator of anatomy, and showing promise of a successful professional career in London, his health broke down from overwork in 1878, and he went out to South Africa and settled down in practice at Kimberley. There he rapidly acquired a great reputation as a medical man, and, besides numbering President Kruger and the Matabele chief Lobengula among his patients, came much into contact with Cecil Rhodes. Jameson died in England but is buried at Malindidzimu Hill, or World’s View, a granite hill in the Matobo National Park, 40 km south of Bulawayo. It was designated by Cecil Rhodes as the resting place for those who served Great Britain well in Africa. Rhodes is also buried there. Sir Leander Starr Jameson died on the afternoon of Monday, 26 November 1917, at his home, 2 Great Cumberland Place, Hyde Park, in London. His body was laid in a vault at Kensal Green Cemetery on 29 November 1917, where it remained until the end of the WWI. Ian Colvin (1923) writes that Jameson’s body was then: "carried to Rhodesia and on May 22, 1920, laid in a grave cut in the granite on the top of the mountain which Rhodes had called The View of the World, close beside the grave of his friend. “Thy firmness makes my circle just, And makes me end where I begun.” There on the summit those two lie together."

Queer Places, Vol. 3.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World
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