elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Edward Perry "Ned" Warren & John Marshall

Edward Perry Warren (January 8, 1860 – December 28, 1928), known as Ned Warren, was an American art collector and the author of works proposing an idealized view of homosexual relationships.

Warren was born on January 8, 1860, in Waltham, Massachusetts, one of five children born into of a wealthy Boston, Massachusetts family. His father was Samuel Denis Warren, who founded the Cumberland Paper Mills in Maine.

As a schoolboy he was taunted for being a sissy and a bookworm – and no wonder. It was his habit to get up at 5:00 a.m. so that he could study Greek before breakfast time. He kept a diary in which he detailed his schoolboy crushes, even writing poems about male classmates he particularly fancied. Ned made no attempt to keep his attraction to men a secret, much to the dismay of his distressed household.

He received his B.A. from Harvard College in 1883 and later studied at New College, Oxford, earning his M.S. in Classics. His academic interest was classical archeology. At Oxford he met John Marshall (1862 - February 15, 1928), a younger man he called "Puppy.". John was studying to became an Anglican vicar, and later opted for archeology. The two formed a close and long-lasting relationship, though Marshall married in 1907, much to Warren's dismay. Mary Marshall was Ned's cousin, and her primary reason to marry John was to avoid her fate as spinster. Beginning in 1888, Warren made England his primary home. He and Marshall lived together at Lewes House, a large residence in Lewes, East Sussex, where they became the center of a circle of like-minded men interested in art and antiquities who ate together in a dining room overlooked by Lucas Cranach's Adam and Eve, now in the Courtauld Institute of Art. One account said that "Warren's attempts to produce a supposedly Greek and virile way of living into his Sussex home" produced "a comic mixture of apparently monastic severity (no tea or soft chairs allowed) and lavish living."

©Edward Reeves (1824-1904)/Edward Reeves Photographer. Ned Warren and John Marshall, 1895 (©4)
Ned Warren was an American art collector. At Oxford he met John Marshall, who he called "Puppy" Ned and John lived together at Lewes House in East Sussex. On February 15, 1928, John retired for the evening, saying that he was not feeling well. Ned gave him a kiss and joined him in bed, but John died during the night. Marshall's took his last breath while Ned sat at his bedside. Servants reported that Ned's final words to the dying man were, "Goodbye, Puppy." Warren died less than one year later.

Mary, John Marshall (1862 - February 15, 1928) & Ned Warren (January 8, 1860 – December 28, 1928) were buried in the non-Catholic cemetery in Bagni di Lucca, a town known as a spa in Etruscan and Roman times; that was John and Ned’s expressed desire, including having Mary near them. The same cemetery is the final resting place of Evangeline Whipple and Rose Cleveland.

Watercolour of Lewes House by Roger Fry, 1908

Warren spent much of his time in Continental Europe, collecting art works many of which he donated to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, assembling for that institution the "largest collection of erotic Greek vase paintings " in the U.S. He has been described as having "a taste for pornography" and a "pioneer" in collecting it. His published works include A Defence of Uranian Love in three volumes, which proposes a type of same-sex relationship similar to that prevalent in Classical Greece, in which an older man would act as guide and lover to a younger man.

In 1900 Warren published The Prince who did not Exist, a small edition art book from the Merrymount Press, "a most beautiful specimen of workmanship" according to the New York Times.

Warren's oldest brother, Samuel D. Warren had left law to work in the family's paper mill. He managed the family trust established in May 1889 with the legal assistance of Louis D. Brandeis to benefit his father's widow and 5 children. Edward Warren challenged his brother's administration of the family trust in 1906, a dispute that ended with Samuel's suicide in 1910. The Warren Trust case became a point of contention during the 1916 Senate hearings on the confirmation of Brandeis to the Supreme Court and it remains important for its explication of legal ethics and professional responsibility.

Warren purchased the Roman silver drinking vessel known as the Warren Cup, now in the British Museum, which he did not attempt to sell during his lifetime because of its explicit depiction of homoerotic scenes. He also commissioned a version of The Kiss from Auguste Rodin, which he offered as a gift to the local council in Lewes. The council displayed it for two years before returning it as unsuitable for public display. It is now in the Tate Gallery.

Warren had a home for a time in Gorham, Maine, and Marshall had a home in Rome.

John Marshall's will named Warren as his executor and beneficiary.

For the last twenty years of their life, Ned, John and John's wife lived together under the same roof, Ned and John nestled together in the master bedchamber while John's wife slept elsewhere in the house. The three took every meal together and always traveled as a trio.

Life changed somewhat for Ned Warren and John Marshall in 1925 when Mary Marshall died, which meant the two men lost the woman who had spent more than two decades with them. After the death of John's wife, Warren and Marshall found themselves in residence at their apartment in Rome during the late winter of 1928. On the fifteenth of February John retired for the evening, saying that he was not feeling well. Ned gave him a kiss and joined him in bed, but John died during the night. Marshall's took his last breath while Ned Warren sat at his bedside. Servants reported that Ned's final words to the dying man were, “Good—bye, Puppy." Ned, who never recovered from the shock, returned to England.

One of the couple`s closest friends later said, "Ned was ready to die after John`s death," telling the people around him that he was “quietly putting his house in order before departure." Warren made that exit in 1928, just one year after Marshall had died."

In March 1928, Warren gave Lewes House and its adjoining properties to H. Asa Thomas, who had begun as his secretary and become his business associate and friend.

Later that year, Warren became seriously ill and underwent surgery. He died in a London nursing home on December 28, 1928.

Because of his open homosexuality, no members of Warren’s family attended the funeral, and none of the museums to which he had donated numerous and priceless works of art sent a representative to the January memorial service.

The New York Times published an obituary after Warren’s death. That story didn`t acknowledge the forty-three-year outlaw marriage that Warren had enjoyed, stating only that the deceased "had been associated with John Marshall of Rome, Italy, in making collections for museums in this country."

Marshall and Warren had given their secretary detailed directions. several years earlier, as to where and how they were to be buried. The location was in the English cemetery in Bagni di Lucca, where their bodies and that of Mary Marshall were to rest under a large marble monument inscribed with the respective birth and death dates of the three of them. Marshall and Warren stipulated that a simple Grecian urn was to be placed on top of the monument as a poignant symbol oi their life's work.“

The disposition of his estate was complicated by legal problems. An auction of some 250 pieces of his furniture brought $38,885. The Sackler Library at Oxford University holds the "Papers of E.P. Warren and John Marshall." Warren's will established the position of EP Warren Praelector at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and established restrictions, no longer maintained, that ensured the holder lived at or near the College and taught only men.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Perry_Warren

Days of Love: Celebrating LGBT History One Story at a Time by Elisa Rolle
Paperback: 760 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition (July 1, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1500563323
ISBN-13: 978-1500563325
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/4910282
Amazon (Paperback): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500563323/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (Kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00MZG0VHY/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

Days of Love chronicles more than 700 LGBT couples throughout history, spanning 2000 years from Alexander the Great to the most recent winner of a Lambda Literary Award. Many of the contemporary couples share their stories on how they met and fell in love, as well as photos from when they married or of their families. Included are professional portraits by Robert Giard and Stathis Orphanos, paintings by John Singer Sargent and Giovanni Boldini, and photographs by Frances Benjamin Johnson, Arnold Genthe, and Carl Van Vechten among others. “It's wonderful. Laying it out chronologically is inspired, offering a solid GLBT history. I kept learning things. I love the decision to include couples broken by death. It makes clear how important love is, as well as showing what people have been through. The layout and photos look terrific.” Christopher Bram “I couldn’t resist clicking through every page. I never realized the scope of the book would cover centuries! I know that it will be hugely validating to young, newly-emerging LGBT kids and be reassured that they really can have a secure, respected place in the world as their futures unfold.” Howard Cruse “This international history-and-photo book, featuring 100s of detailed bios of some of the most forward-moving gay persons in history, is sure to be one of those bestsellers that gay folk will enjoy for years to come as reference and research that is filled with facts and fun.” Jack Fritscher

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Tags: days of love, eccentric: john marshall, eccentric: ned warren

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