The influential novelist Gerard Reve was a pioneer in European gay writing and in the liberalization of attitudes toward homosexuality in The Netherlands.
Gerard Kornelis van het Reve was born on December 14, 1923, in Amsterdam and attended school there at the Vossius-gymnasium. During the war years, Reve studied graphic design, and from 1945 to 1947, was a reporter for the national daily newspaper Het Parool.
His first novel, De avonden (The Evenings, 1947) met with critical acclaim and was awarded the Reina Prinsen Geerligs Prize, granted annually to the best young writer in The Netherlands. Considered now to be a classic of modern Dutch literature, the novel initially met with much controversy, fueled in part by its frank depiction of the aimless life of its main character.
Reve was embroiled in more controversy when references to masturbation in an early novella were considered pornographic by the Minister of State who ruled against providing Reve with a travel stipend. Reve publicly announced his intention to emigrate to England in protest, and he spent a number of years there working as a hospital attendant, reading the Bible, studying drama, and writing plays.
When his first publication in English, The Acrobat and Other Stories (1956), was a financial failure, Reve returned to The Netherlands to work as an editor and writer for the literary periodical Tirade.
Reve received wide acclaim when he single-handedly broke a post-war taboo against openly treating homosexuality in Dutch literature with two publications, each a cross between letter writing and fiction: Op Weg naar het Einde (Approaching the End, 1963) and Nader tot U (Nearer to Thee, 1966). ( Collapse )
Author: Wood, Robert
Entry Title: Reve, Gerard
General Editor: Claude J. Summers
Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture
Publication Date: 2002
Date Last Updated January 2, 2003
Web Address www.glbtq.com/literature/reve_g.html
Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL 60607
Today's Date April 8, 2013
Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.
Entry Copyright © 1995, 2002 New England Publishing Associates ( Collapse )
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