Actor Jean Marais (December 11, 1913 – November 8, 1998) was the most popular leading man in France during the 1940s and ’50s. Tall, blond, and athletic, he played the Beast and the Prince in Jean COCTEAU’s classic film Belle et la bête. Marais and Cocteau were lovers for many years and made several films together during that time.
In 1937, Jean Marais saw several drawing by Jean Cocteau and was stricken as they reminded him of himself. He managed to meet him. Cocteau was 48 years old, Marais was 24. As the second said, "I was not a gigolo, I was an arrivist (go-getter)." They fell in love and started a relationship and artistic collaboration that would last a long time. In 1943, Marais appeared in Jean Delannoys 1943 film L'Éternel retour (after a personal recommendation from Cocteau, who wrote the scenario).
Noël COWARD described a visit to Villefranche with Greta GARBO in his diary of Sunday July 7, 1957: “After dinner we were shown, privately, the little chapel which has just been designed by Jean Cocteau. It is beautifully done, lovely draughtsmanship and pale colours, but I had no idea that all the apostles looked so like Jean Marais.”
Marais was bisexual, and later stated in an interview that he had an affair with his Orpheus co-star Marie Déa. They avoided publicity since he had the reputation of being gay and didn’t want their story to be ridiculed as a sham.Jean Cocteau and Jean MaraisIn 1937, Jean Marais saw several drawing by Jean Cocteau and was stricken as they reminded him of himself. He managed to meet him. Cocteau was 48 years old, Marais was 24. As the second said, I was not a gigolo, I was an arrivist (go-getter). They fell in love and started a relationship and artistic collaboration that would last a long time. In 1943, Marais appeared in Jean Delannoys 1943 film L'Eternel retour (after a personal recommendation from Cocteau, who wrote the scenario).
Stern, Keith (2009-09-01). Queers in History: The Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Historical Gays, Lesbians and Bisexuals (Kindle Locations 8112-8119). Perseus Books Group. Kindle Edition.
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker. Cocteau is best known for his novel Les Enfants terribles (1929), and the films Blood of a Poet (1930), Les Parents terribles (1948), Beauty and the Beast (1946), and Orpheus (1949). His circle of associates, friends and lovers included Kenneth Anger, Pablo Picasso, Jean Hugo, Jean Marais, Henri Bernstein, Yul Brynner, Marlene Dietrich, Coco Chanel, Erik Satie, María Félix, Édith Piaf and Raymond Radiguet. (P: ©Federico de Madrazo de Ochoa (1875-1934). Jean Cocteau (1889 - 1963), 1910/1912 (©4)
Cocteau was born in Maisons-Laffitte, Yvelines, a village near Paris, to Georges Cocteau and his wife, Eugénie Lecomte; a socially prominent Parisian family. His father was a lawyer and amateur painter who committed suicide when Cocteau was nine. He left home at fifteen. He published his first volume of poems, Aladdin's Lamp, at nineteen. Cocteau soon became known in Bohemian artistic circles as The Frivolous Prince, the title of a volume he published at twenty-two. Edith Wharton described him as a man "to whom every great line of poetry was a sunrise, every sunset the foundation of the Heavenly City..."
In his early twenties, Cocteau became associated with the writers Marcel Proust, André Gide, and Maurice Barrès. In 1912, he collaborated with Léon Bakst on Le Dieu bleu for the Ballets Russes; the principal dancers being Tamara Karsavina and Vaslav Nijinsky. During World War I Cocteau served in the Red Cross as an ambulance driver. This was the period in which he met the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, artists Pablo Picasso and Amedeo Modigliani, and numerous other writers and artists with whom he later collaborated. Russian choreographer Sergei Diaghilev persuaded Cocteau to write a scenario for a ballet, which resulted in Parade, in 1917. It was produced by Diaghilev, with sets by Picasso, the libretto by Apollinaire and the music by Erik Satie. The piece was later expanded into a full opera, with music by Satie, Poulenc and Ravel. "If it had not been for Apollinaire in uniform," wrote Cocteau, "with his skull shaved, the scar on his temple and the bandage around his head, women would have gouged our eyes out with hairpins." Cocteau denied being a Surrealist or being in any way attached to the movement. Cocteau wrote the libretto for Igor Stravinsky's opera-oratorio Oedipus Rex, which had its original performance in the Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt in Paris on May 30, 1927.( Collapse )
I read Le Livre Blanc (The White Book) by Jean Cocteau during one of my more literary phases, back when I fancied myself as a neo-Surrealist, and found it to be absolutely breathtaking. Considered by scholars to be part autobiography, Jean Cocteau´s tale traces the narrator´s sexual journey in 1920s Europe. Only Cocteau could present the plight of homosexuals and bisexuals in the days before gay rights so eloquently and poetically. A must-read on a few levels. --Katrina Strauss
Days of Love: Celebrating LGBT History One Story at a Time by Elisa Rolle
Paperback: 760 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition (July 1, 2014)
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/4910282
Amazon (Paperback): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500563323/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (Kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00MZG0VHY/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Days of Love chronicles more than 700 LGBT couples throughout history, spanning 2000 years from Alexander the Great to the most recent winner of a Lambda Literary Award. Many of the contemporary couples share their stories on how they met and fell in love, as well as photos from when they married or of their families. Included are professional portraits by Robert Giard and Stathis Orphanos, paintings by John Singer Sargent and Giovanni Boldini, and photographs by Frances Benjamin Johnson, Arnold Genthe, and Carl Van Vechten among others. “It's wonderful. Laying it out chronologically is inspired, offering a solid GLBT history. I kept learning things. I love the decision to include couples broken by death. It makes clear how important love is, as well as showing what people have been through. The layout and photos look terrific.” Christopher Bram “I couldn’t resist clicking through every page. I never realized the scope of the book would cover centuries! I know that it will be hugely validating to young, newly-emerging LGBT kids and be reassured that they really can have a secure, respected place in the world as their futures unfold.” Howard Cruse “This international history-and-photo book, featuring 100s of detailed bios of some of the most forward-moving gay persons in history, is sure to be one of those bestsellers that gay folk will enjoy for years to come as reference and research that is filled with facts and fun.” Jack Fritscher
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