elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Edith Wharton & William Morton Fullerton

Edith Wharton had lesbian affairs, including one with writer Janet Flanner, and was friends with Teddy Roosevelt’s bisexual sister, poet Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (Stern, Keith (2009-09-01). Queers in History: The Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Historical Gays, Lesbians and Bisexuals (Kindle Locations 12479-12480). Perseus Books Group. Kindle Edition). Corinne Roosevelt (September 27, 1861 — February 17, 1933) was an American poet, writer, lecturer, and public speaker. She was also the younger sister of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt and an aunt of former First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt. 

Corinne Roosevelt was born on September 27, 1861 at 28 East 20th Street in New York City, the fourth and youngest child of philanthropist Theodore "Thee" Roosevelt, Sr. (1831—1878) and socialite Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch (1835—1884). Her siblings were Anna "Bamie/Bye" Roosevelt (1855—1931); President Theodore "T.R." Roosevelt, Jr. (1858—1919); and Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt (1860—1894), the father of future First Lady of the United States Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884—1962).

Corinne was best friends with Edith Kermit Carow (1861—1848), her brother T.R.'s second wife and later the First Lady of the United States. Theodore Sr. was a supporter of the North during the Civil War, while her mother Mittie supported the South. Mittie's home state was Georgia and she had moved to New York only due to her marriage to Theodore. Mittie's brothers were members of the Confederate Navy. However, the conflict between Corinne's parents' political loyalties did not prevent her from experiencing a privileged childhood, including the best schools and regular travel, or the formal debut into society expected of the daughters of prominent families.

@Photograph by Underwood & Underwood/Library of Congress. Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (upper top left row), sister of 26th US President, Theodore Roosevelt arrive at the Republican Convention in 1921

Robinson began writing at an early age, through the encouragement of her friends, in particular Edith Wharton who helped critique her poetry. In 1911, Robinson published her first poem, "The Call of Brotherhood", in Scribner's Magazine. Her first book of poems of the same title was published in 1912. This volume was quickly followed by One Woman to Another and Other Poems (1914) dedicated to her daughter, also named Corinne, commemorating the loss of Robinson's brother Elliott and son, Stewart. Other volumes of poetry by Robinson include Service and Sacrifice (1919) dedicated to her brother Theodore Roosevelt, The Poems of Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (1924), and Out of Nymph (1930) dedicated to Charles Scribner. She also wrote the prose memoir My Brother Theodore Roosevelt (1924). In 1920, Robinson became the first woman ever called upon to second the nomination of a national party convention candidate; speaking before a crowd of 14,000, she endorsed General Leonard Wood as the 1920 Republican candidate for President.

On April 29, 1882, Corinne Roosevelt married Douglas Robinson, Jr. (January 3, 1855 — September 12, 1918), son of Douglas Robinson, Sr. (March 24, 1824 — November 30, 1893) and Frances Monroe (April 14, 1824 — August 22, 1906). Frances was a grandniece of President James Monroe (1758—1831). Their marriage produced four children:
1.Theodore Douglas Robinson April 28, 1883 — April 10, 1934), a member of the New York State Senate. He married his distant cousin Helen Rebecca Roosevelt, half-niece of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882—1945), daughter of James Roosevelt "Rosey" Roosevelt (1854—1927) and Helen Schermerhorn Astor (1855—1893) of the Astor family
2.Corinne Douglas Robinson (July 2, 1886 — June 23, 1971), mother of columnists Joseph Wright Alsop V (1910—1989) and Stewart Johonnot Oliver Alsop (1914—1974)
3.Monroe Douglas Robinson (December 19, 1887 — December 7, 1944)
4.Stewart Douglas Robinson (March 18, 1889 — February 21, 1909), committed suicide by jumping from his college dormitory window after a party.

Throughout the 1920s, Robinson's health failed her a number of times and she had a total of sixteen eye surgeries.

Corinne voted for her fifth cousin/nephew-in-law Franklin when he ran for Governor of New York in 1928 and in 1932 when he was elected President of the United States.

Robinson died on February 17, 1933, age 71, of pneumonia, in New York City less than a month before Franklin was inaugurated as President.

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corinne_Roosevelt_Robinson

Edith Wharton (born Edith Newbold Jones, January 24, 1862 – August 11, 1937) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist, short story writer, and designer.

Edith Wharton’s best-known work, The Age of Innocence, won the 1921 Pulitzer Prize. Her other books include The House of Mirth, Ethan Frome, and The Buccaneers. In addition to being a novelist, she was also an influential landscape architect and interior designer, and her home in Massachusetts, the Mount, is a museum today.

In 1885, at twenty-three years of age, Wharton married thirty-five-year-old Edward (Teddy) Robbins Wharton. They divorced twenty-eight years later as a result of Teddy’s repeated public infidelities and their effect on Edith’s mental and physical health. For several years at the end of her tumultuous, unhappy marriage, she had an affair with William Morton Fullerton (1865- 1952), an American-born bisexual man-about-town who worked as a journalist for The Times and juggled romances with Lord Ronald Gower and the Ranee of Sarawak.

Wharton also had lesbian affairs, including one with writer Janet FLANNER, and was friends with Teddy Roosevelt’s bisexual sister, poet Corinne Roosevelt Robinson.

William Morton Fullerton was an American print journalist, author and foreign correspondent for The Times. A bisexual man-about-town, he juggled romances with Edith Wharton, Lord Ronald Gower and the Ranee of Sarawak. Wharton also had lesbian affairs, including one with writer Janet Flanner, and was friends with Teddy Roosevelt’s bisexual sister, poet Corinne Roosevelt Robinson. Fullerton and Wharton’s affair lasted from 1906 to 1909. They were introduced by mutual friend Henry James.

Edith Wharton, with Henry James and Howard Sturgis, at Wharton’s home, The Mount

Janet Flanner by Berenice Abbott

Alice Lee, Corrine and Anna Roosevelt

Source: Queers in History by Keith Stern

William Morton Fullerton (18 September 1865 – 26 August 1952) was an American print journalist, author and foreign correspondent for The Times. A bisexual man-about-town, he juggled romances with Edith Wharton, Lord Ronald Gower and the Ranee of Sarawak.

Fullerton was a graduate of Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts and studied at Harvard. He received his Bachelor of Arts in 1886. While studying at Harvard, he and classmates began Harvard Monthly.

After his graduation and first trip to Europe in 1888, he spent several years working as a journalist in the Boston Area. In 1890, four years after his graduation from Harvard, Fullerton moved to France to begin work for the London Times office in Paris. He eventually grew to become the chief foreign correspondent, and remained with the London Times until 1910 before leaving to try his hand at freelance journalism.. He authored several books and numerous articles and served as an officer during World War I. Later, Fullerton joined the staff of Le Figaro, where he remained until his death in 1952.

It was Fullerton's extensive knowledge of the world of publishing that led him to assist author Edith Wharton (who at the time, he was involved with) in publishing the French translation of her classic novel The House of Mirth, through a well-known magazine.

From 1906-09 he was famously involved in an affair with American Pulitzer Prize–winning author Edith Wharton. They met in the summer of that year after being introduced by mutual friend Henry James. She undoubtedly considered him the love of her life, describing him as her "ideal intellectual partner". However they were never 'officially' together, as Wharton was already married and Fullerton's highly promiscuous personality prevented him from ever committing to a serious relationship.

After the affair ended, Wharton, who was fiercely guarded when it came to her private life, requested that Fullerton destroy every letter she had ever sent him in order to avoid any scandal. The affair itself, although suspected, was not confirmed until the 1980s. Fullerton had ignored Wharton's request and had kept all of her letters, which were eventually published as a book, The letters of Edith Wharton, in 1988.

He was also engaged to his half cousin Katharine Fullerton Gerould, but the engagement was called off when Fullerton postponed the wedding. Katharine, sick of waiting, went on to marry another man and become a successful author in her own right. Around the same time he was engaged to Katharine and also involved with Wharton, Fullerton lived with an older woman named Mme Mirecourt, in Paris, but the affair ended disastrously and Fullerton was left owing her a great deal of money.

A biography, Mysteries of Paris: The Quest for Morton Fullerton, was published in 2001 by Marion Mainwaring.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Morton_Fullerton

Days of Love: Celebrating LGBT History One Story at a Time by Elisa Rolle
Paperback: 760 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition (July 1, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1500563323
ISBN-13: 978-1500563325
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/4910282
Amazon (Paperback): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500563323/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (Kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00MZG0VHY/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

Days of Love chronicles more than 700 LGBT couples throughout history, spanning 2000 years from Alexander the Great to the most recent winner of a Lambda Literary Award. Many of the contemporary couples share their stories on how they met and fell in love, as well as photos from when they married or of their families. Included are professional portraits by Robert Giard and Stathis Orphanos, paintings by John Singer Sargent and Giovanni Boldini, and photographs by Frances Benjamin Johnson, Arnold Genthe, and Carl Van Vechten among others. “It's wonderful. Laying it out chronologically is inspired, offering a solid GLBT history. I kept learning things. I love the decision to include couples broken by death. It makes clear how important love is, as well as showing what people have been through. The layout and photos look terrific.” Christopher Bram “I couldn’t resist clicking through every page. I never realized the scope of the book would cover centuries! I know that it will be hugely validating to young, newly-emerging LGBT kids and be reassured that they really can have a secure, respected place in the world as their futures unfold.” Howard Cruse “This international history-and-photo book, featuring 100s of detailed bios of some of the most forward-moving gay persons in history, is sure to be one of those bestsellers that gay folk will enjoy for years to come as reference and research that is filled with facts and fun.” Jack Fritscher

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Tags: author: edith wharton, days of love, eccentric: william morton fullerton

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