elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Simeon Solomon (October 9, 1840 – August 14, 1905)

Simeon Solomon (9 October 1840 No. 3 Sandys Street, Bishopsgate, London, England – 14 August 1905 in St. Giles's Workhouse, Endell Street) was an English Pre-Raphaelite painter. (Picture: Simeon Solomon by David Wilkie Wynfield)

Solomon was born into a prominent Jewish family. He was the eighth and last child born to merchant Michael (Meyer) Solomon and artist Catherine (Kate) Levy. Solomon was a younger brother to fellow painters Abraham Solomon (1824–1862) and Rebecca Solomon (1832–1886).

Born and educated in London, Solomon started receiving lessons in painting from his older brother around 1850. He started attending Carey's Art Academy in 1852. His older sister first exhibited her works at the Royal Academy during the same year.

As a student at the Royal Academy Schools, Solomon was introduced through Dante Gabriel Rossetti to other members of the Pre-Raphaelite circle, as well as the poet Algernon Charles Swinburne and the painter Edward Burne-Jones in 1857. His first exhibition was at the Royal Academy in 1858. He continued to hold exhibitions of his work at the Royal Academy between 1858 and 1872. In addition to the literary paintings favoured by the Pre-Raphaelite school, Solomon's subjects often included scenes from the Hebrew Bible and genre paintings depicting Jewish life and rituals. His association with Swinburne led to his illustrating Swinburne's Lesbia Brandon in 1865.

In 1873 his career was cut short when he was arrested in a public urinal at Stratford Place Mews, off Oxford Street, in London and charged with attempting to commit sodomy: he was fined £100. He was arrested again in 1874 in Paris, after which he was sentenced to spend three months in prison.

The Sleepers And The One Who Watcheth, 1867

In 1884 he was admitted to the workhouse where he continued to produce work; however, his life and talent were blighted by alcoholism. Twenty years later in 1905, he died from complications brought on by his alcoholism. He was buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Willesden.

Examples of his work are on permanent display at the Victoria and Albert Museum and at Leighton House. In December 2005/January 2006, there was an important retrospective of his work, held at the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, and in London at the Ben Uri Gallery in October / November 2006.

In Anthony Powell's novel A Buyer's Market (book 2 in A Dance to the Music of Time), the narrator says of the artist Mr. Deacon that Solomon was one of the few painters he admired.

In Oscar Wilde's long prison letter to Lord Alfred Douglas, De Profundis, Wilde writes of his bankruptcy: “That all my charming things were to be sold: my Burne-Jones drawings: my Whistler drawings: my Monticelli: my Simeon Solomons: my china: my Library…”

Burial: Willesden United Synagogue Cemetery, Willesden, Greater London, England

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simeon_Solomon

Bacchus, 1867

Dawn, 1871

In The Temple Of Venus, 1865

Love Dreaming By The Sea, 1871

Portrait Of An Italian Youth, 1869

Priestess Offering Poppies, 1864

Sappho And Erinna In A Garden At Mytilene, 1864

Shadrach Meshach And Abednego, 1863

The Annunciation, 1894

The Mystery Of Faith

Further Readings :

Love Revealed: Simeon Solomon And the Pre-raphaelites edited by Colin Cruise
Hardcover: 192 pages
Publisher: Merrell Publishers (October 1, 2005)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1858943116
ISBN-13: 978-1858943114
Amazon: Love Revealed: Simeon Solomon And the Pre-raphaelites

More Artists at my website: http://www.elisarolle.com/, My Ramblings/Art

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Tags: art, gay classics

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