He was born in Gò Bồi, Tùng Giản commune, Tuy Phước District, Bình Định Province, Vietnam (maternal homeland). His father was Ngô Xuân Thọ, a teacher, and his mother was Nguyễn Thị Hiệp. He studied in Qui Nhơn, Huế, and later Hanoi (1938–1940). He obtained a degree in agricultural engineering in 1943 and worked in Mỹ Tho for a while before returning to Hanoi.
In 1943, he joined the Viet Minh and became one of the leading poets writing to promote resistance against the French.
Although well-known for his love poems, he married only briefly before separating from his wife in his youth and died a bachelor. Many people believe that he was homosexual along with his lifelong friend the famous poet Huy Cận, as shown through his many poems about love dedicated to (and apparently addressed to) various men. These poems include "Tình trai" ("Man's Love", about the love affair between the French poets Arthur Rimbaud and Paul Verlaine) and "Em đi" ("You leave", a heartfelt poem dedicated to a younger man with whom the poet shared a house for several years). In his memoirs published in 1993, the writer Tô Hoài confirmed that Xuân Diệu was reprimanded while in the Viet Minh for molesting other men in bed.
Throughout his career, Xuân Diệu had been variously known as a romantic poet, "the greatest poet among the new poets", and "the king of love poems" (he himself gave Hồ Xuân Hương the sobriquet "the Queen of Nôm poetry").
He was a member of the literary movement Tự Lực Văn Đoàn (Self-Reliance Literary Movement) and one of the leaders of the Thơ Mới (New Poetry) movement. Representative works he wrote during this period include: Thơ Thơ (Poetry poem, 1938), Gửi Hương Cho Gió (Perfume Flies with the Wind, 1945), and the short story Phấn Thông Vàng (Golden Pine Pollen, 1939).
His poetry collections Thơ thơ and Gửi hương cho gió are regarded as his masterpieces. They glorify love, life, happiness, and love of life. By that, he also glorified youth, spring, and nature as the cradle for love. He also grieved for the passing of time, the precariousness of life and showed thirst for everlasting life.
His works are often studied by secondary school students in Vietnam. A street in Hanoi is named after him.
For two years (1938-1940), Xuân Diệu was Huy Cận's roommate at the College of Agriculture in Hanoi, from which he received his engineering degree in agricultural science in 1943.
Cù Huy Cận (May 31, 1919 - February 19, 2005) was born into a scholar family, in the village of An Phu, Huong Son District, Ha Tinh Province. After his graduation from high school at Huế, he undertook studies at the College of Agriculture on Hang Than Street, Hanoi, where he was Xuân Diệu's roommate. In 1943 he graduated with an engineering degree in agricultural science.
From 1945 until the war broke out with the French, he held a vice minister's, then a minister's post in charge of cultural affairs and the arts.
Huy Cận started to write poetry as far back as 1934, and published his works in 1936. Among his major poems are Lửa Thiêng (Sacred Fire, 1940), Kinh Cầu Tự (Prayers, 1942), Vũ Trụ Ca (The Song of the Universe, 1942-43, not published), Trời Mỗi Ngày Lại Sáng (The Sun Rises Each Day, 1958), Ðất Nở Hoa (The Blooming Earth, 1960), Bài Thơ Cuộc Ðời (The Poem of Life, 1963), Những Năm Sáu Muơi (The Sixties, 1968), Cô Gái Mèo (The Meo Maiden, 1972), Chiến Truờng Gần Chiến Truờng Xa (Battles Near and Far, 1973), Ngày Hàng Sống, Ngày Hàng Thơ (A Day of Life, a Day of Poetry, 1975), Ngôi Nhà Giữa Nắng (The Sun-Washed House, 1978).
One of the most distinguished poets of the New Poetry Movement, Huy Cận shows a tendency toward social and philosophical issues. His poetry is tinged with a Weltschmerz, at once pervasive and gloomy, perhaps reflecting the angst of his times during one of the most destructive wars mankind has ever known, and the prospect of another looming on the not too distant horizon. (http://thehuuvandan.org/vietpoet.html)
Cù Huy Cận (May 31, 1919 – February 19, 2005) was a Vietnamese poet. His first collection of poems, Sacred Fire, was published in 1938. His son is Cù Huy Hà Vũ, legal scholar and dissident.
Days of Love: Celebrating LGBT History One Story at a Time by Elisa Rolle
Paperback: 760 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition (July 1, 2014)
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/4910282
Amazon (Paperback): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500563323/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (Kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00MZG0VHY/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Days of Love chronicles more than 700 LGBT couples throughout history, spanning 2000 years from Alexander the Great to the most recent winner of a Lambda Literary Award. Many of the contemporary couples share their stories on how they met and fell in love, as well as photos from when they married or of their families. Included are professional portraits by Robert Giard and Stathis Orphanos, paintings by John Singer Sargent and Giovanni Boldini, and photographs by Frances Benjamin Johnson, Arnold Genthe, and Carl Van Vechten among others. “It's wonderful. Laying it out chronologically is inspired, offering a solid GLBT history. I kept learning things. I love the decision to include couples broken by death. It makes clear how important love is, as well as showing what people have been through. The layout and photos look terrific.” Christopher Bram “I couldn’t resist clicking through every page. I never realized the scope of the book would cover centuries! I know that it will be hugely validating to young, newly-emerging LGBT kids and be reassured that they really can have a secure, respected place in the world as their futures unfold.” Howard Cruse “This international history-and-photo book, featuring 100s of detailed bios of some of the most forward-moving gay persons in history, is sure to be one of those bestsellers that gay folk will enjoy for years to come as reference and research that is filled with facts and fun.” Jack Fritscher
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