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Sophia B. Packard (January 3, 1824 – June 20, 1891)

Sophia B. Packard was an American educator, cofounder in Atlanta, Georgia, of a school for African American women that would eventually become Spelman College.
Born: January 3, 1824, United States of America
Died: June 21, 1891, Washington, D.C., United States
Organization founded: Spelman College
Buried: Silver Lake Cemetery, Athol, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA, Plot: sec 11 lot 244-246 sp 4
Buried alongside: Harriet E. Giles

Harriet E. Giles and Sophia B. Packard, two teachers from the Oread Institute of Worcester, Massachusetts, established The Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary on April 11, 1881, in the basement of Friendship Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia. Giles and Packard had met around 1855 while Giles was a student and Packard the preceptor of the New Salem Academy in New Salem, Massachusetts, and fostered a lifelong friendship there. The two of them traveled to Atlanta specifically to found a school for black freedwomen, and found support from Frank Quarles, the pastor of Friendship Baptist Church. In 1884, the name of the school was changed to the Spelman Seminary in honor of Laura Spelman, John D. Rockefeller's wife, and her parents, who were longtime activists in the anti-slavery movement. Packard was appointed as Spelman's first president in 1888, after the charter for the seminary was granted. The first college degrees were awarded in 1901. Packard died in 1891, and Giles assumed the presidency until her death in 1909. They never married and considered each other their "companions”. They are buried together at Silver Lake Cemetery, Athol, Massachusetts.
Together from (around) 1855 to 1891: 36 years.
Harriet Elizabeth “Hattie” Giles (1828 - November 12, 1909)
Sophia B. Packard (January 3, 1824– June 21, 1891)



Days of Love edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1500563325
ISBN-10: 1500563323
Release Date: September 21, 2014
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Spelman College is a four-year liberal arts women’s college located in Atlanta, Georgia.
Address: 350 Spelman Ln SW, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA (33.74521, -84.41148)
Type: Education facility (open to public)
Phone: +1 404-681-3643
Place
The college is now part of the Atlanta University Center academic consortium in Atlanta. Founded in 1881 as the Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary, Spelman was the fourth historically black female institution of higher education to receive its collegiate charter in 1924. It thus holds the distinction of being one of America’s oldest historically black colleges for women.
Note: one of the only 13 self-described feminist bookstores still in existence today in the United States and Canada is Charis Books and More (1189 Euclid Ave NE, Atlanta, GA 30307). Sara Luce Look and Angela Gabriel co-own Charis Books and More, which celebrated its 40th anniversary in Nov. 2014. The bookstore’s bestsellers include a mix of literary fiction, popular lesbian fiction, queer cultural studies, global/feminist politics, spirituality and multicultural children’s books.
Life
Who: Harriet E. Giles (1828 - November 12, 1909) and Sophia B. Packard (January 3, 1824 – June 21, 1891)
The Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary was established on April 11, 1881 in the basement of Friendship Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia, by two teachers from the Oread Institute of Worcester, Massachusetts: Harriet E. Giles and Sophia B. Packard. Giles and Packard had met while Giles was a student, and Packard the preceptress, of the New Salem Academy in New Salem, Massachusetts, and fostered a lifelong friendship there. The two of them traveled to Atlanta specifically to found a school for black freedwomen, and found support from Frank Quarles, the pastor of Friendship Baptist Church. Giles and Packard began the school with 11 African-American women and $100 given to them by the First Baptist Church in Medford, Massachusetts., and a promise of further support from the Women’s American Baptist Home Missionary Society (WABHMS), a group with which they were both affiliated in Boston. Although their first students were mostly illiterate, they envisioned their school to be a liberal arts institution - the first circular of the college stated that they planned to offer "algebra, physiology, essays, Latin, rhetoric, geometry, political economy, mental philosophy (psychology), chemistry, botany, Constitution of the United States, astronomy, zoology, geology, moral philosophy, and evidences of Christianity.” Over time, they attracted more students; by the time the first term ended, they had enrolled 80 students in the seminary. The WABHMS made a down payment on a nine-acre (36,000 m²) site in Atlanta relatively close to the church they began in, which originally had five buildings left from a Union Civil War encampment, to support classroom and residence hall needs. In 1882 the two women returned to Massachusetts to bid for more money and were introduced to wealthy Northern Baptist businessman John D. Rockefeller at a church conference in Ohio. Rockefeller was impressed by Packard’s vision. In April 1884, Rockefeller visited the school. By this time, the seminary had 600 students and 16 faculty members. It was surviving on generous donations by the black community in Atlanta, the efforts of volunteer teachers, and gifts of supplies; many Atlanta black churches, philanthropists, and black community groups raised and donated money to settle the debt on the property that had been acquired. Rockefeller was so impressed that he settled the debt on the property. Rockefeller’s wife, Laura Spelman Rockefeller; her sister, Lucy Spelman; and their parents, Harvey Buel and Lucy Henry Spelman, were also supportive of the school. The Spelmans were longtime activists in the abolitionist movement. Thus, in 1884 the name of the school was changed to the Spelman Seminary in honor of Laura Spelman, John D. Rockefeller’s wife, and her parents. Rockefeller also donated the funds for what is currently the oldest building on campus, Rockefeller Hall, which was constructed in 1886. Packard was appointed as Spelman’s first president in 1888, after the charter for the seminary was granted. Packard died in 1891, and Giles assumed the presidency until her death in 1909. Sophia and Harriet are buried together at Silver Lake Cemetery, Athol, Massachusetts. Spelman Seminary became Spelman College in 1924, and in 1929 it became affiliated, along with Morehouse College, with Atlanta University.



Queer Places, Vol. 1 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904
ISBN-10: 1532901909
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228297
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At Silver Lake Cemetery (Athol, MA 01331), Harriet Elizabeth "Hattie" Giles (1828 - November 12, 1909) and Sophia B. Packard (January 3, 1824- June 21, 1891), founders of Spellman College in Georgia, are buried together.



Queer Places, Vol. 1 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904
ISBN-10: 1532901909
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228297
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532901909/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1BU9K/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

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Tags: days of love, queer places
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