elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Coco Chanel (August 19, 1883 – January 10, 1971)

Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel was a French fashion designer and businesswoman. She was the founder and namesake of the Chanel brand.
Born: August 19, 1883, Saumur, France
Died: January 10, 1971, Paris, France
Full name: Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel
Books: Chanel
Siblings: Lucien Chanel, Pierre Chanel, Antoinette Chanel, Augustin Chanel, Alphonse Chanel, Julia Chanel
Lived: Villa La Pausa, 12B Avenue de la Torraca, 06190 Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France (43.76102, 7.46707)
Buried: Cimetière du Bois-de-Vaux, Lausanne, District de Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, Plot: Section 9

It’s hardly surprising that the allure of the Côte d’Azur cast its spell over France’s grande dame of fashion, Coco Chanel. Villa La Pausa, situated in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin between Monte Carlo and Menton, was built for Chanel and her lover, the Duke of Westminster.
Address: 12B Avenue de la Torraca, 06190 Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France (43.76102, 7.46707)
Type: Private Property
Phone: +33 4 93 83 51 20
Built in 1927, Design by Robert Streitz, Interior Design by Coco Chanel (1883-1971)
La Pausa is a large detached villa in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. It was owned by Chanel until 1953. La Pausa was sold by Chanel to the Hungarian publisher Emery Reves. The British Prime Minister Winston Churchill spent roughly a third year at La Pausa from 1956 to 1958 with Reves and his wife, Wendy, and wrote and edited part of his “History of the English Speaking Peoples” there. La Pausa was occupied by Wendy Reves until 2007. The principal rooms of La Pausa and its significant art collection were recreated at the Dallas Museum of Art during her lifetime and under her direction. The Reves wing was opened in 1985. Situated above the village of Roquebrune, the house enjoys views toward Menton and the French border with Italy on one side, and Monaco on the other. Its name refers to the legend that Mary Magdalene "paused" near here on her journey from Jerusalem following the crucifixion of Jesus. Guests hosted by the Reves with Churchill included Noël Coward, Somerset Maugham and Edward Molyneux. Other notable high society guests hosted by the Reves at La Pausa included the aristocrats Prince Rainier and Princess Grace of Monaco, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, and the actors Greta Garbo, Errol Flynn and Clark Gable. Following Emery Reves’s death in 1981, the Dallas Museum of Art in the United States approached Wendy Reves knowing that there was a possibility that her art collection at La Pausa might be given to a museum. In exchange for the 1985 donation Reves insisted that the museum recreate six of the principal rooms at La Pausa, and display the collection there as she had arranged it. The collection of 1,400 objet d’art is displayed at the museum as the Wendy and Emery Reves Collection in a reconstruction of five rooms from La Pausa. The villa’s central courtyard and patio were reconstructed at the museum along with the villa’s dining room, library, salon, bedroom, and hall, situated in a purpose built 16,500-square-foot wing designed by architect Edward Larrabee Barnes. La Pausa has now been acquired by the House of Chanel again, with plans to restore it to its original decor and spirit.
Who: Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel (August 19, 1883 – January 10, 1971)
Chanel bought the five acre plot on which La Pausa was built for 1.8 million French francs in Feb. 1929. The plot had formerly been part of the hunting grounds of the ruling family of Monaco, the Grimaldis, and contained wild olive and orange groves. The villa was built less than a year later. The final cost of the villa was 6 million francs, a large sum for the time. It is not clear whether Chanel or her lover, Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster financed the building and furnishing of La Pausa. Architect Robert Streitz sought to build “the ideal Mediterranean villa.” The design of the house modelled on the XII century convent-orphanage in Aubazine, in the department of Corréze, which Chanel spent her childhood. A stone staircase leads up from the main entrance hall and a cloister encloses a courtyard. A design of five windows is repeated throughout the house, in tribute to Chanel’s perfume, Chanel No. 5. Chanel ordered more than 20,000 curved tiles to be handmade for the roof, and furnished the house sparsely in shades of white and beige. Each bathroom has a servants entrance. Chanel would take Le Train Bleu from Paris every month to inspect the progress of the building. If Chanel was unable to make the trip, local craftsmen would be sent to Paris to meet her. The colour scheme of the house was beige, which included a beige piano. Chanel may have been assisted in her design of the interior of La Pausa by Stéphane Boudin, the president of the interior design firm Maison Jansen. The central villa is 10,000 sq ft in size, with two smaller villas built for guests. The main house consists of seven bedrooms, with three living rooms, a dining room, two kitchens and staff quarters. Streitz had previously restored another local villa for Chanel’s friend, Count Jean de Segonzac. La Pausa contains three wings that face onto a shaded courtyard, with the rooms containing large fireplaces. The rooms were filled by Chanel with XVI century English oak furniture, given to her by the Duke of Westminster; English oak was also used for floors and panelling. The large reception rooms were lit by wrought-iron chandeliers from Spain. The poet Pierre Reverdy stayed at La Pausa for long periods during the 1930s, and the poet Paul Iribe, Chanel’s lover, collapsed and died while playing tennis with Chanel at La Pausa in 1935. Guests of Chanel’s at La Pausa included Igor Stravinsky, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí and Luchino Visconti. La Pausa was profiled by American Vogue magazine in 1938, with the garden described as containing "groves of orange trees, great slopes of lavender, masses of purple iris, and huge clusters of climbing roses." Twenty olive trees from Antibes were replanted in the garden. The designer Roderick Cameron said that at La Pausa, Chanel was the first to cultivate lavender and other flora previously regarded as "poor plants.” The architect of La Pausa, Robert Streitz, was a member of the French Resistance during the German occupation of France in WWII. Streitz hid in La Pausa’s cellars from where he transmitted covert messages. Jewish refugees were also able to utilise La Pausa, using its gardens as a staging post in their escape from France to the Italian border. During the German occupation of France, Chanel made several visits to La Pausa with her lover, the German spy Baron von Dincklage. The design of La Pausa also influenced Chanel’s fashion designs, with her collections evoking the pink and grey palettes of the house and landscape. In 2007 Chanel released a perfume inspired by La Pausa, 28 La Pausa, as part of their "Les Exclusifs" collection. It was created by Chanel’s perfumer Jacques Polge. Coco Chanel died in 1971 and is buried at Bois-de-Vaux Cemetery (Chemin du Bois-de-Vaux, 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland).

Queer Places, Vol. 3 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532906695
ISBN-10: 1532906692
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228901
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532906692/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZXI10E/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

Renowned Fashion Designer Coco Chanel (August 19, 1883 –January 10, 1971) was born a peasant and raised in an orphanage. She grew up with a gift of fashion and a keen awareness of social trends. Chanel died in 1971 at the age of 88. The House of Chanel still exists today. She is buried at Bois-de-Vaux Cemetery (Chemin du Bois-de-Vaux, 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland); her tomb is surrounded by five stone lions.

Queer Places, Vol. 3 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532906695
ISBN-10: 1532906692
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228901
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532906692/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZXI10E/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

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Tags: queer places

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