elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Alice Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977)

Alice Paul was an American suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist, and the main leader and strategist of the 1910s campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote.
Born: January 11, 1885, Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey, United States
Died: July 9, 1977, Moorestown, New Jersey, United States
Education: American University
Swarthmore College
Washington College of Law
University of Pennsylvania
Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre, Birmingham
Moorestown Friends School
Parents: William Mickle Paul, Tacie Parry Paul
Siblings: Willam Paul, Helen Paul, Parry Paul
Lived: Paulsdale, 128 Hooton Rd, Mt Laurel, NJ 08054, USA (39.95582, -74.93007)
Buried: Westfield Friends Burial Ground, Cinnaminson, Burlington County, New Jersey, USA

Alice Paul, the founder and leading-light of the National Woman’s Party, inspired devotion that bordered on worship. From her side, Paul cared deeply for her old friend Nina Allender, the cartoonist of the suffrage movement. Allender, who lived alone in Chicago, wrote to Paul in 1947 of her memories of their long association: “No words can tell you what that (first) visit grew to mean to me & to my life… I feel now as I did then – only more intensely – I have never changed or doubted – but have grown more inspired as the years have gone by… There is no use going into words. I believe them to be unnecessary between us.” (Nina Allender to Alice Paul, January 5, 1947) Paul wrote that she thought of Allender often and sent her “devoted love.” (Alice Paul to Nina Allender, March 9, 1950) She worried about Allender’s loneliness and gently encouraged her to come to Washington to live at Belmont House, the Woman’s Party headquarters, where she would be surrounded by loving friends who appreciated the work she had done for the women’s movement. (Alice Paul to Nina Allender, Nov. 20, 1954) Paul failed to persuade her to move, however. Two years later Paul responded to a request from Allender’s niece for help with the costs of a nursing home with a $100 check and a promise to contact others who might be able to help. (Alice Paul to Kay Boyle, March 5, 1957) But Allender died, within a month, at the age of 83.
They met (before) 1913 and remained friends until Allender’s death in 1957: 44 years.
Alice Stokes Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977)
Nina E. Allender (December 25, 1873 - April 2, 1957)

Days of Love edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1500563325
ISBN-10: 1500563323
Release Date: September 21, 2014
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/4910282
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500563323/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00MZG0VHY/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

Paulsdale, in Mount Laurel Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, was the birthplace and childhood home of Alice Paul, a major leader in the Women’s suffrage movement in the United States.
Address: 128 Hooton Rd, Mt Laurel, NJ 08054, USA (39.95582, -74.93007)
Type: Museum (open to public)
Phone: +1 856-231-1885
National Register of Historic Places: 89000774, 1989. Also National Historic Landmarks.
The Paul family purchased 173 acres (0.70 km2) and the 1840 farmhouse around 1883. During the 1950s, Paulsdale was divided into two parcels: 167 acres (0.68 km2) of farmland and the remaining 6 acres (24,000 m2) which included the house and farm buildings. Both parcels were sold in the 1950s. The larger became a housing development, the smaller was a private residence until it was purchased by the Alice Paul Institute in 1990. The house has been restored to the condition when Alice Paul lived there. It now serves as a house museum and a home for the Institute. Paul attended Moorestown Friends School (110 E Main St, Moorestown, NJ 08057), where she graduated at the top of her class.
Who: Alice Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977)
Alice Paul was a suffragist, feminist, and women’s rights activist, and the main leader and strategist of the 1910s campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote. Along with Lucy Burns and others, Alice strategized the events, such as the Silent Sentinels, which led the successful campaign that resulted in its passage in 1920. After 1920 Alice spent a half century as leader of the National Woman’s Party, which fought for her Equal Rights Amendment to secure constitutional equality for women. She won a large degree of success with the inclusion of women as a group protected against discrimination by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. She insisted that her National Woman’s Party focus on the legal status of all women and resisted calls to address issues like birth control. Alice Paul had a very active social life until she moved to Washington in late 1912. She enjoyed close relationships with women and befriended, sometimes dated, men. Paul did not preserve private correspondence for the most part, so few details are available. Once Paul devoted herself to winning the vote, she placed the suffrage effort first in her life. Nevertheless, Elsie Hill and Dora Kelly Lewis, two women she met early in her work for NAWSA, remained close to her all their lives. She knew William Parker, a scholar she met at the University of Pennsylvania, for several years; he may have tended a marriage proposal in 1917. The more thorough discussion of Paul’s familial relations and friendships is found in J.D. Zahniser’s biography. Alice continued fighting for equal rights until she suffered a debilitating stroke in 1974. She died at the age of 92 on July 9, 1977 at the Greenleaf Extension Home, a Quaker facility in Moorestown, New Jersey, less than a mile from her birthplace and childhood home at Paulsdale, and is buried at Westfield Friends Burial Ground (2201 Riverton Rd, Cinnaminson, NJ 08077).

Queer Places, Vol. 1 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904
ISBN-10: 1532901909
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228297
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532901909/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
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Tags: days of love, queer places

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