Died: January 28, 1595, Vicenza
Buried: Santa Maria in Araceli, Vicenza
Buried Alongside: Giulia Cisotta
The church of Santa Maria in Araceli is a late-Baroque style church built in the late XVII century in Vicenza according to designs attributed to Guarino Guarini.
Address: Piazza Araceli, 21, 36100 Vicenza VI, Italy (45.55262, 11.54934)
Type: Religious Building (open to public)
Phone: +39 393 482 9000
Documents first take note of a church at the site, dating from 1241. They refer to a church of Santa Maria in the area that stood near a convent. This convent, which in 1277 belonged to the Clarisse Nuns, was called Santa Maria ad Cellam, (referring to the nun's rooms). The suffix was then modified to alla cella, then Arcella and finally to Araceli. Construction of the present church was begun during 1672-1680, a period during which the famous architect Guarino Guarini resided in Vicenza under the patronage of the Theatines. In 1965, designs for the church were found in the Vatican Library. Construction seems to have been guided by Carlo Borella. It was about 60 years after the start of construction, on November 17, 1743, that the church was consecrated. In 1810, during the Napoleonic occupation, the convent was expropriated, and the church became a parish church. The church was replaced by a new parish church, Cristo Re, in 1960. This church ceased being used until restoration in finished in 1990. The main baroque altar (1696), was carved in marble by Tommaso Bezzi . It contains an altarpiece representing the Tiburtine Sybil who portends the coming Virgin and Child to the Roman Emperor Augustus attributed to Pietro Liberi . The altar on the right has a XIII-century painted crucifix, originally from church of San Vito.
Who: Maddalena Campiglia (April 13, 1553 - January 28, 1595)
Maddalena Campiglia was an Italian poetess. She is remembered for having been praised by Torquato Tasso for the composition of the pastoral fable “Flori”, inspired to “Aminta.” Maddalena Campiglia was born in Vicenza from the relationship between Polissena Verlato and Carlo Campiglia. Both nobles and widowers, parents of two sons, the two regularized their union only in 1565. In the course of her studies, the young Campiglia showed special interest in literature, philosophy and music. Critical to its formation also turned the attendance of the cultural society of the XVI century which met in the province of Vicenza at the house owned by her cousin Elena, married the Marquis Guido Sforza Gonzaga. There she met Curzio Gonzaga - Marquis of Palazzolo, poet and diplomat, a friend of writers and artists - custodian of the trust of the poet to the point to be designated in her will as editor of her writings. Presumably, here, she met Dionisio da Colzè, her husband from 1576 to 1580, when she separated and began to live alone. Theirs was - for imposition of Campiglia - a white wedding. According to the writer, virginity was to be experienced not as a constraint but as an effective means of obtaining the women independence from the male gender. As the embodiment par excellence of this principle, she shows the Virgin Mary who was devoted to spontaneous chastity and for the greatness of this choice had been chosen by God. The most recognized work of Campiglia was “Flori,” a boscareccia tale inspired by “Aminta” of Torquato Tasso that earned her the congratulations of the poet himself. Flori is a virgin nymph dedicated to the cult of Diana, who, heartbroken by the death of her beloved girlfriend Amaranta, is destined to fall in love with the first man she meets. Albeit in love with the pastor whom she meets, the nymph accepts only a chaste marriage. The woman loved by Flori, Calisa, whose name is hidden behind that of Isabella Pallavicini Lupi, marquise of Soragna, protector of Maddalena and to whom “Flori” is dedicated, as well as several other sonnets. Maddalena Campiglia died in Vicenza following a long illness that deprived her of sight. In recent years, the poet approached the monastic environments and expressed the unusual will, which was respected, to be buried in the same tomb of the abbess Giulia Cisotta, at the church of Santa Maria in Araceli in Vicenza.
Queer Places, Vol. 3 edited by Elisa Rolle
Release Date: July 24, 2016
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