elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,
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elisa_rolle

Elizabeth Blackwell (February 3, 1821 – May 31, 1910)

Elizabeth Blackwell was a British-born physician, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, as well as the first woman on the UK Medical Register.
Born: February 3, 1821, Bristol, United Kingdom
Died: May 31, 1910, Hastings, United Kingdom
Education: Hobart and William Smith Colleges
St Bartholomew's Hospital
Bedford College, London
Lived: Rock House, 10 Exmouth Pl, Hastings, East Sussex TN34 3JA, UK (50.85682, 0.58974)
Dicksons Street, Bristol
1 Wilson Street, off Portland Square, Bristol
Buried: Kilmun Parish Church and Cemetery, Kilmun, Argyll and Bute, Scotland
Siblings: Emily Blackwell, Samuel Charles Blackwell, more
Parents: Hannah Lane Blackwell, Samuel Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell was born in a house on Dicksons Street in Bristol, to Samuel Blackwell, a sugar refiner, and his wife Hannah (Lane) Blackwell. She had two older siblings, Anna and Marian, and would eventually have six younger siblings: Samuel (married Antoinette Brown), Henry (married Lucy Stone), Emily (third woman in the U.S. to get a medical degree), Sarah, John and George. Four maiden aunts, Barbara, Ann, Lucy and Mary, also lived with the Blackwells during Blackwell's childhood. Blackwell's earliest memories were of her time living at a house on 1 Wilson Street, off Portland Square, Bristol.



Queer Places, Vol. 2 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532906312
ISBN-10: 1532906315
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228833
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532906315/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1KZBO/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

Rock House at 10 Exmouth Place, Hastings, East Sussex TN34 3JA, ca. 1820, has red brick with blue headers.
Address: 10 Exmouth Pl, Hastings, East Sussex TN34 3JA, UK (50.85682, 0.58974)
Type: Private Property
English Heritage Building ID: 293976 (Grade II, 1976)
Place
“Here lived and worked for thirty years Dr Elizabeth Blackwell, Born at Bristol 1821, died at Hastings 1910” Stuccoed east front. Slate hipped roof. 2 storeys and basement. Sash windows with glazing bars, louvred shutters. Bay windows to east on ground and 1st floors. Brick string course. Central moulded panelled door with rectangular fanlight with glazing bars. Inscription “The first woman to graduate in medicine in the United States, at Geneva (Syracuse University) New York 1849. The first woman to be placed on the British medical register 1859. One who never turn her back but marched breast forward never doubted clouds would break. Never dreamed, though right were worsted, wrong would triumph held we fall to rise, are baffled to fight better, sleep to wake.”
Life
Who: Elizabeth Blackwell (February 3, 1821 – May 31, 1910)
Elizabeth Blackwell was a British-born medical practitioner, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, as well as the first woman on the UK Medical Register. She was the first woman to graduate from medical school, a pioneer in promoting the education of women in medicine in the United States, and a social and moral reformer in both the United States and in the United Kingdom. Her sister Emily was the third woman in the US to get a medical degree. In 1856, when Blackwell was establishing the New York Infirmary, she adopted Katherine "Kitty" Barry, an Irish orphan from the House of Refuge on Randall’s Island. Diary entries at the time show that she adopted Barry half out of loneliness and a feeling of obligation, and half out of a utilitarian need for domestic help. Barry was brought up as a half-servant, half-daughter. Blackwell did provide for Barry’s education. She even instructed Barry in gymnastics as a trial for the theories outlined in her publication, “The Laws of Life with Special Reference to the Physical Education of Girls.” However, Blackwell never permitted Barry to develop her own interests. She didn’t make an effort to introduce Barry to young men or women of her age. Barry herself was rather shy, awkward and self-conscious about her slight deafness. Barry followed Blackwell during her many trans-Atlantic moves, during her furious house hunt between 1874 and 1875, during which they moved six times, and finally to Blackwell’s final home, Rock House, a small house off Exmouth Place in Hastings, Sussex, in 1879. Barry stayed with Blackwell all her life. After Blackwell’s death, Barry stayed at Rock House, and then moved to Kilmun in Argyllshire, Scotland, where Blackwell was buried in the churchyard of St Munn’s Parish Church. In 1920, she moved in with the Blackwells and took the Blackwell name. On her deathbed, in 1930, Barry called Blackwell her "true love,” and requested that her ashes be buried with those of Elizabeth. Emily Blackwell (1826-1910) was the second woman to earn a medical degree at what is now Case Western Reserve University, and the third openly identified woman to earn a medical degree in the United States. From 1883 Emily lived with her partner Elizabeth Cushier, who also served as a doctor at the New York infirmary. Blackwell and Cushier retired at the turn of the century. After traveling abroad for a year and a half, they spent the next winters at their home in Montclair, New Jersey and summers in Maine. Blackwell died on September 7, 1910 in York Cliffs, Maine, a few months after her sister Elizabeth’s death in England.



Queer Places, Vol. 2 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532906312
ISBN-10: 1532906315
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228833
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532906315/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1KZBO/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

Elizabeth Blackwell (February 3, 1821 – May 31, 1910) was a British-born physician, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, as well as the first woman on the UK Medical Register. She was the first woman to graduate from medical school, a pioneer in promoting the education of women in medicine in the United States, and a social and moral reformer in both the United States and in the United Kingdom. Her sister Emily was the third woman in the US to get a medical degree. Her adopted daughter Kitty Barry stayed with Blackwell all her life. After Blackwell's death, Barry stayed at Rock House, Hastings, where they had lived together, and then moved to Kilmun in Argyllshire, Scotland, where Blackwell was buried in the churchyard of St Munn's Parish Church. In 1920, she moved in with the Blackwells and took the Blackwell name. On her deathbed, in 1930, Barry called Blackwell her "true love", and requested that her ashes be buried with those of Elizabeth.



Queer Places, Vol. 2 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532906312
ISBN-10: 1532906315
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228833
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532906315/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1KZBO/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

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