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Grant Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 13, 1942)

Grant DeVolson Wood was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, an iconic painting of the 20th century.
Born: February 13, 1891, Anamosa, Iowa, United States
Died: February 13, 1942, Iowa City, Iowa, United States
Education: Washington High School
School of the Art Institute of Chicago
Académie Julian
Lived: Grant Wood House, 800 2nd Ave SE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52403, USA (41.98209, -91.66108)
Grant Wood Studio, 5 Turners Alley SE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52402, USA (41.9821, -91.66157)
Buried: Riverside Cemetery, Anamosa, Jones County, Iowa, USA
Find A Grave Memorial# 1122
Periods: Social realism, Modern art, Regionalism
Siblings: Nan Wood Graham
Parents: Hattie Weaver, Francis Maryville Wood

Grant Wood was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, an iconic painting of the XX century.
Addresses:
Grant Wood House, 800 2nd Ave SE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52403, USA (41.98209, -91.66108)
Grant Wood Studio, 5 Turners Alley SE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52402, USA (41.9821, -91.66157)
Life
Who: Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 13, 1942)
Grant Wood was born in rural Iowa four miles (6 km) east of Anamosa in 1891; his mother moved the family to Cedar Rapids after his father died in 1901. Soon thereafter he began as an apprentice in a local metal shop. After graduating from Washington High School, Wood enrolled in The Handicraft Guild, an art school run entirely by women in Minneapolis in 1910 (today it is a prominent artist collective in the city.) He was said to have later returned to the Guild to paint American Gothic. A year later Wood returned to Iowa, where he taught in a rural one-room schoolhouse. In 1913 he enrolled at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and performed some work as a silversmith. From 1922 to 1928, Wood made four trips to Europe, where he studied many styles of painting, especially Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. But it was the work of the XV-century Flemish artist Jan van Eyck that influenced him to take on the clarity of this technique and to incorporate it in his new works. From 1924 to 1935, Wood lived in the loft of a carriage house in Cedar Rapids, which he turned into his personal studio at "5 Turner Alley" (the studio had no address until Wood made one up). In 1932, Wood helped found the Stone City Art Colony near his hometown to help artists get through the Great Depression. He became a great proponent of regionalism in the arts, lecturing throughout the country on the topic. As his classically American image was solidified, his bohemian days in Paris were expunged from his public image. Wood was married to Sara Sherman Maxon from 1935–38. She was considerably older and friends considered the marriage a mistake for him. Wood taught painting at the University of Iowa's School of Art from 1934 to 1941. It is thought that he was a closeted homosexual, and that there was an attempt to fire him because of a relationship with his personal secretary. Critic Janet Maslin states that his friends knew him to be "homosexual and a bit facetious in his masquerade as an overall-clad farm boy". University administration dismissed the allegations and Wood would have returned as professor if not for his growing health problems. In the early hours of February 13, 1942, his 51st birthday, Wood died at the university hospital of pancreatic cancer. He is buried at Riverside Cemetery, Anamosa. When Wood died, his estate went to his sister, Nan Wood Graham, the woman portrayed in American Gothic. When she died in 1990, her estate, along with Wood's personal effects and various works of art, became the property of the Figge Art Museum in Davenport, Iowa.



Queer Places, Vol. 1 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904
ISBN-10: 1532901909
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228297
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532901909/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1BU9K/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

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