elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Vernon Lee (October 14, 1856 – February 13, 1935)

Vernon Lee was the pseudonym of the British writer Violet Paget. She is remembered today primarily for her supernatural fiction and her work on aesthetics.
Born: October 14, 1856, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France
Died: February 13, 1935, San Gervasio Bresciano
Lived: Villa Il Palmerino, Via del Palmerino 10, 50137 Florence FI, Italy (43.79225, 11.29302)
Buried: Cimitero Evangelico degli Allori, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Find A Grave Memorial# 21266665
Siblings: Eugene Lee-Hamilton

Vernon Lee's first "romantic friendships" may have begun in the 1870s. Her relationship with her companion Annie Meyers ended in 1881. From 1881 to 1887, her traveling companion was Mary Robinson, whom she met at a drawing-room party. Mary's eventual marriage to James Darmsteter, which was probably not consummated, ended Lee's passionate attachment. Devastated by Mary's marriage, Lee was comforted by her new friend Clementina “Kit” Anstruther-Thomson (daughter of Colonel John Anstruther-Thomson of Charleton and Carntyne VD DL JP (August 8, 1818 - October 8, 1904)), who was to have a profound effect on her work. Lee described her friendship with Kit Thomson as a "new love and new life." This friendship lasted from 1887 to 1897. Kit was a "Venus figure" for Lee; she described her in her correspondence as a "Venus de Milo," a woman of beauty, a friend, and a spiritual lover.” This relationship inspired Lee's creativity, and during this time, Lee wrote and perfected her writings on aesthetics. Kit was especially interested in bringing art to the working class. Later she worked with the Girl Guides.
Together from 1887 to 1897: 10 years.
Clementina (Kit) Caroline Anstruther-Thomson (1857 – July 7, 1921)
Violet Paget aka Vernon Lee (October 14, 1856 – February 13, 1935)

Days of Love edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1500563325
ISBN-10: 1500563323
Release Date: September 21, 2014
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/4910282
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Il Palmerino belonged at the beginning of the XV century to Ottaviano Antonio di Duccio, Florentine goldsmith, brother of the famous Renaissance sculptor Agostino d`Antonio di Duccio.
Address: Via del Palmerino 10, 50137 Florence FI, Italy (43.79225, 11.29302)
Type: Guest facility (open to public)
Phone: +39 339 8944725
In 1545 the villa became the property of Benedetto di Papi Palmerini (which probably takes its name from the palm trees he brought back home after the Crusades in the Holy Land), and subsequently, to the families Federighi, Mormorai and Baldi della Scarperia. Since 1855 was the availability of the Frati di S.Croce as a convent, only to be acquired, causing a seizure of state-owned religious property, by Count Luigi Uguccioni that carried out a major renovation as evidenced by the coat of arms in the hall. In 1889 the owner became the sophisticated and eclectic British writer Violet Paget, aka Vernon Lee, who brought improvements and innovations to the entire estate. At her death Il Palmerino was purchased by the painter Federigo Angeli and his wife, the painter and writer Carola Costa "Lola" who kept and preserved it even in difficult years. To this day, their descendents, active in the artistic circles of the city, take care of the home, promoting events and initiatives in favor of art.
Who: Violet Paget (October 14, 1856 – February 13, 1935), aka Vernon Lee
Vernon Lee is remembered today primarily for her supernatural fiction and her work on aesthetics. An early follower of Walter Pater, she wrote over a dozen volumes of essays on art, music, and travel. Her longest residence was just outside Florence in the villa Il Palmerino from 1889 until her death at San Gervasio, with a brief interruption during WWI. Her library was left to the British Institute of Florence and can still be inspected by visitors. In Florence she knit lasting friendships with the painter Telemaco Signorini and the learned Mario Praz, and she encouraged his love of learning and English literature. An engaged feminist, she always dressed à la garçonne. During WWI, Lee adopted strong pacifist views, and was a member of the anti-militarist organisation, the Union of Democratic Control. She was also a lesbian, and had long-term passionate friendships with three women, Mary Robinson, Kit Anstruther-Thomson (1857-1921), and British author Amy Levy (1861-1889) Vernon’s first romantic friendships begun in the 1870s, Annie Meyers, and ended in 1881. From 1881 to 1887, her travelling companion was Mary Robinson, whom she met at a drawing-room party. Mary’s eventual marriage to James Darmsteter ended Lee’s passionate attachment. Lee was a proponent of the Aesthetic movement, and after a lengthy written correspondence met the movement’s effective leader, Walter Pater, in England in 1881, just after encountering one of Pater’s most famous disciples, Oscar Wilde. While travelling in Florence in 1886, Amy Levy met Vernon Lee and fell in love with her. Both women would go on to write works with themes of sapphic love. Lee inspired Levy’s poem "To Vernon Lee." Levy committed suicide in 1889 at the residence of her parents at Endsleigh Gardens by inhaling carbon monoxide. Lee’s subsequently relationship with Kit Anstruther-Thomson, lasted from 1887 to 1897.

Queer Places, Vol. 3 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532906695
ISBN-10: 1532906692 
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228901
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532906692/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
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Cimitero Evangelico agli Allori ("The Evangelical Cemetery of Laurels") is located in Florence, Italy, between 'Due Strade' and Galluzzo. The small cemetery was opened on February 26, 1860 when the non-Catholic communities of Florence could no longer bury their dead in the English Cemetery in Piazzale Donatello.
Address: Via Senese, 184, 50124 Firenze, Italy (43.74775, 11.22999)
Type: Cemetery (open to public)
The Cemetery is named after the Allori farm where it was located. Initially a Protestant cemetery, the site is now private. Since 1970 it has accepted the dead of other denominations, including Muslims. The cemetery became newsworthy in 2006 when the writer and journalist Oriana Fallaci was buried there alongside her family and a stone memorial to Alexandros Panagoulis, her companion.
Notable queer burials at Cimitero Evangelico agli Allori:
• Harold Acton (1904-1994), British writer. Harold Acton’s younger brother, William, a gay artist of modest achievement, died an apparent suicide in 1945. William Acton was a British visual artist who was born in 1906. Several works by the artist have been sold at auction, including 'Armiola' sold at Christie's New York 'Victorian, Pre-Raphaelite & British Impressionist Art' in 2016 for $23,080.
• Robert Wiedeman Barrett Browning, known as Pen Browning, (1849–1912), English painter. His career was moderately successful, but he is better known as the son and heir of the celebrated English poets, Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.
• Leo Ditrichstein (1865-1928), American actor and playwriter. Educated in Austria, Ditrichstein was the author of a number of plays, five of which were made into motion pictures. Worked with Gareth Hughes, Welsh actor in theater and film who worked primarily in the United States, and who, according to historian William J. Mann, was a "flaming little queen".
• Alice Keppel (1868-1947), British mistress of Edward VII and mother of Violet Trefusis.
• John Pope-Hennessy (1913-1994), British art historian.
• Violet Page, aka Vernon Lee (1856-1935), British writer.
• Charles Alexander Loeser (1864–1928), American art historian and art collector.
• Osbert Sitwell (1892-1969), British writer.
• Frederick Stibbert (1838-1906), British art collector.
• Violet Trefusis (1894-1972), English and French writer.
• Reginald Turner (1869-1938), British writer. Turner numbered among his friends Max Beerbohm, Lord Alfred Douglas, H. G. Wells, Arnold Bennett, Somerset Maugham, D. H. Lawrence, Oscar Wilde, Osbert Sitwell and others of the London literary scene during the late XIX and early XX century. S. N. Behrman said of him, "He was one of those men who talk like angels and write like pedestrians". Harold Acton agreed, writing of Turner's conversation, "One forgot to eat while he spun his fantasies." Beerbohm said, "He would be eloquent even were he dumb," and Maugham wrote, "Reggie Turner was, on the whole, the most amusing man I have known." After Wilde's death, Turner, who was homosexual, felt few ties to England.
Burial tombstone by Adolf von Hildebrand at Cimitero Evangelico agli Allori:
• RUDOLF BENNERT, Place of birth: FRANKFURT, Mother: FUSSLI M, Died: 08/09/1882, Age: 23, Plot: 2PPsSG VII 16s
• HERMAN BUMILLER, Died: 24/07/1898, Plot: 2PPsSG V 28s
• FEDERICA DANIELIS, Father: GIOVAN BATTISTA, Died: 13/03/1903, Age: 78, Plot: 2PPsSG V 28s
• KARL ARNOLD HILLEBRAND, Place of birth: GIESSEN, Died: 18/10/1884, Plot: 2PPsSB VII 78s
• HEINRICH EMIL HOMBERGER, Place of birth: MAINZ, Died: 01/08/1890, Plot: 2PPsSB VII 81s
• JESSY TAYLOR, Place of birth: LONDRA, Father: EDGARD, Died: 08/05/1905, Age: 78, Plot: 2PPsSB VII 79u
Adolf von Hildebrand (October 6, 1847 – January 18, 1921)
Adolf von Hildebrand was a German sculptor. Hildebrand was born at Marburg, the son of Marburg economics professor Bruno Hildebrand. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Nuremberg, with Kaspar von Zumbusch at the Munich Academy and with Rudolf Siemering in Berlin. From 1873 he lived in Florence in San Francesco, a secularized XVI-century monastery. A particular friend of Hans von Marées, he designed the architectural setting for the painter's murals in the library of the German Marine Zoological Institute at Naples (1873). In 1877 he married Irene Schäuffelen, a separation from von Marées that was decipted by the painter in one of his works. Von Hildebrand spent a significant amount of time in Munich after 1889, executing a monumental fountain there, the Wittelsbacher Brunnen. He is known for five monumental urban fountains. Hildebrand worked in a Neo-classical tradition, and set out his artistic theories in his book “Das Problem der Form in der Bildenden Kunst” (The Problem of Form in Painting and Sculpture), published in 1893. He was ennobled by the King of Bavaria in 1904. He was the father of the painter Eva, Elizabeth, sculptor Irene Georgii-Hildebrand, Sylvie, Bertele, and Catholic theologian Dietrich von Hildebrand. He died in Munich in 1921.

Queer Places, Vol. 3 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532906695
ISBN-10: 1532906692 
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228901
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532906692/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZXI10E/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

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