elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Anna Howard Shaw (February 14, 1847 – July 2, 1919)

Anna Howard Shaw was a leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States. She was also a physician and one of the first ordained female Methodist ministers in the United States.
Born: February 14, 1847, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Died: July 2, 1919, Nether Providence Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Education: Albion College
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston University
Boston University School of Theology
Lived: 240 S Ridley Creek Rd, Media, PA 19063, USA (39.90486, -75.39242)
Find A Grave Memorial# 101267300
Books: The Story of a Pioneer, Anna Howard Shaw

Anna Howard Shaw was a leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States. She was also a physician and one of the first ordained female Methodist ministers in the United States.
Address: 240 S Ridley Creek Rd, Media, PA 19063, USA (39.90486, -75.39242)
Type: Private Property
Who: Anna Howard Shaw (February 14, 1847 – July 2, 1919) and Lucy Elmina Anthony (October 24, 1859 – July 4, 1944)
Beginning in 1886, Shaw served as the chair of the Franchise Department of Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU). Her task was "to work for woman suffrage and then to use the ballot to gain 'home protection' and temperance legislation.” However her focus on temperance subsided as she became more heavily involved in the suffrage movement by lecturing for the Massachusetts Suffrage Association and later the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). Shaw first met Susan B. Anthony in 1887. In 1888, Shaw attended the first meeting of the International Council of Women. Susan B. Anthony encouraged her to join the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). Having agreed, Shaw played a key role when the two suffrage associations merged when she "helped to persuade the AWSA to merge with Anthony's and Elizabeth Cady Stanton's NWSA, creating for the first time in two decades a semblance of organizational unity within the [suffrage] movement." Beginning in 1904 and for the next eleven years, Shaw was the president of NAWSA. Under her leadership, NAWSA continued to "lobby for a national constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote." During the early 20th century, Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, NAWSA members, began employing militant techniques (e.g. picketing the White House during World War I) to fight for women's suffrage. They, like other members, were inspired by the success of the militant suffragettes in England. As president of NAWSA, Shaw was pressured to support these tactics. Nevertheless, Shaw maintained that she was "unalterably opposed to militancy, believing nothing of permanent value has ever been secured by it that could not have been more easily obtained by peaceful methods.” She remained aligned with Anthony's philosophy that was against any militant tactics. In 1915, she resigned as NAWSA president and was replaced by her ally Carrie Chapman Catt. An immigrant from a poor family, Shaw grew up in an economic reality that encouraged the adoption of non-traditional gender roles. Challenging traditional gender boundaries throughout her life, she put herself through college, worked as an ordained minister and a doctor, and built a tightly-knit family with her secretary and longtime companion Lucy E. Anthony. Lucy, the niece of Susan B. Anthony, was the trusted partner and spouse of Anna Howard Shaw. Committed to gaining more rights for women. Some may argue that she was lost in the shadows of her aunt and her partner, but she was well-regarded in the circles that Anna, Lucy, and Susan were in. Anna and Lucy were together for 30 years until Anna's death in 1919. In her will, Lucy left a bulk of estate to the National League of Women Voters, Philadelphia League of Voters, and her family.

Queer Places, Vol. 1 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904
ISBN-10: 1532901909
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228297
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532901909/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1BU9K/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

This journal is friends only. This entry was originally posted at http://reviews-and-ramblings.dreamwidth.org/5021849.html. If you are not friends on this journal, Please comment there using OpenID.
Tags: queer places
  • Post a new comment


    Comments allowed for friends only

    Anonymous comments are disabled in this journal

    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded