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Stephen Sondheim (born March 22, 1930)

Stephen Joshua Sondheim is an American composer and lyricist known for more than a half-century of contributions to musical theatre.
Born: March 22, 1930, New York City, New York, United States
Education: George School
New York Military Academy
Ethical Culture Fieldston School
Williams College
Lived: 246 E. 49th St
Partner: Jeff Romley
Albums: Company (2006 Broadway revival cast), more

School: George School (1690 Newtown Langhorne Rd, Newtown, PA 18940) is a private Quaker boarding and day high school located on a rural campus near Newtown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. George School was founded in 1891 and opened in 1893. It is named for John M. George who donated much of the money for the school. It has grown from a single building (still standing) to over 20 academic, athletic, and residential buildings. Besides the usual college preparatory courses, including an International Baccalaureate program, the school features several distinct programs deriving from its Quaker heritage. Stephen Sondheim (born 1930, class 1946), Pulitzer Prize–winning composer/lyricist, attended George School, where he wrote his first musical, “By George,” and from which he graduated in 1946. Sondheim spent several summers at Camp Androscoggin.

Queer Places, Vol. 1.1: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1532901909
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School: New York Military Academy (NYMA, 78 Academy Ave, Cornwall-On-Hudson, NY 12520) is a private boarding school in the rural village of Cornwall-on-Hudson, 60 miles (97 km) north of New York City, and one of the oldest military schools in the United States. Originally a boys' school, it became coeducational in 1975. On March 3, 2015, NYMA filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, facing serious financial difficulties from low enrollment. Instead of opening for the fall semester in September 2015, NYMA closed and was sold at auction to a group of Chinese investors who reopened the school in November. NYMA was founded in 1889 by Charles Jefferson Wright, an American Civil War veteran and former schoolteacher from New Hampshire who believed that a military structure provided the best environment for academic achievement, a philosophy to which the school still adheres. Stephen Sondheim (born 1930, class 1946), Tony, Grammy, Oscar and Pulitzer-winning composer and lyricist, attended the New York Military Academy, but did not graduate.

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1544066585 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1544066589
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School: Ethical Culture Fieldston School (ECFS, 3901 Fieldston Rd, Bronx, NY 10471), known as just Fieldston, is a private, highly selective independent school in New York City. The school is a member of the Ivy Preparatory School League. The school opened in 1878 as a free kindergarten, founded by Felix Adler at the age of 24. In 1880, elementary grades were added, and the school was then called the Workingman's School. At that time, the idea that the children of the poor should be educated was innovative. By 1890 the school's academic reputation encouraged many more wealthy parents to seek it out, and the school was expanded to accommodate the upper-class as well, and began charging tuition; in 1895 the name changed to "The Ethical Culture School", and in 1903 the New York Society for Ethical Culture became its sponsor. Notable queer alumni and faculty: Diane Arbus, photographer; Roy Cohn, attorney; Stephen Sondheim (born 1930), composer, attended the Fieldston Lower School.

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1544066585 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1544066589
CreateSpace eStore: https://www.createspace.com/6980442
Amazon print: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1544066589/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1BU9K/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

School: Williams College (880 Main St, Williamstown, MA 01267) is a highly selective private liberal arts college located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. Currently ranked 1st place in the U.S. News & World Report's liberal arts ranking for the 14th consecutive year, Williams College is regarded as a leading institution of higher education in the United States. Forbes magazine ranked Williams the second best undergraduate institution in the United States in its 2016 publication of America's Top Colleges, and the best undergraduate institution in its 2010, 2011, 2014 and 2016 report. Colonel Ephraim Williams was an officer in the Massachusetts militia and a member of a prominent landowning family. His will included a bequest to support and maintain a free school to be established in the town of West Hoosac, Massachusetts, provided that the town change its name to Williamstown. Williams was killed at the Battle of Lake George on September 8, 1755. After Shays' Rebellion, the Williamstown Free School opened with 15 students on October 26, 1791. The first president was Ebenezer Fitch. Not long after its founding, the trustees of the school petitioned the Massachusetts legislature to convert the free school to a tuition-based college. The legislature agreed and on June 22, 1793, Williams College was chartered. It was the second college to be founded in Massachusetts. Stephen Sondheim (born 1930) attended Williams College, whose theatre program attracted him. His first teacher there was Robert Barrow: “everybody hated him because he was very dry, and I thought he was wonderful because he was very dry. And Barrow made me realize that all my romantic views of art were nonsense.” The composer told Meryle Secrest, "I just wanted to study composition, theory, and harmony without the attendant musicology that comes in graduate school. But I knew I wanted to write for the theatre, so I wanted someone who did not disdain theatre music." Barrow suggested that Sondheim study with Milton Babbitt, who Sondheim described as "a frustrated show composer" with whom he formed "a perfect combination." When he met Babbitt, he was working on a musical for Mary Martin based on the myth of Helen of Troy. Sondheim and Babbitt would meet once a week in New York City for four hours (at the time, Babbitt was teaching at Princeton University). At Williams, Sondheim wrote a musical adaption of “Beggar on Horseback” (a 1924 play by George S. Kaufman and Marc Connelly, with permission from Kaufman) which had three performances. A member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity, he graduated magna cum laude in 1950.

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1544066585 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1544066589
CreateSpace eStore: https://www.createspace.com/6980442
Amazon print: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1544066589/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1BU9K/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

House: Turtle Bay is a neighborhood in New York City, on the east side of Midtown Manhattan. It extends from either 41s or 43rd Streets to 53rd Street, and eastward from Lexington Avenue to the East River’s western branch, facing Roosevelt Island. The neighborhood is the site of the headquarters of the United Nations and the Chrysler Building. The Tudor City apartment complex is also considered to be within Turtle Bay.

Address: E 49th St, New York, NY 10017, USA
National Register of Historic Places: Turtle Bay Gardens Historic District (226-246 E. 49th St. and 227-245 E. 48th St.), 83001750, 1983

An army enrollment office was established at Third Avenue and 46th Street, after the first Draft Act was passed during the American Civil War. On July 13, 1863, an angry mob burned the office to the ground and proceeded to riot through the surrounding neighborhood, destroying entire blocks. The New York Draft Riots continued for three days before army troops managed to contain the mob, which had burned and looted much of the city. After the war ended, the formerly pastoral neighborhood was developed with brownstones. By 1868 the bay had been entirely filled in by commercial overdevelopment, packed with breweries, gasworks, slaughterhouses, cattle pens, coal yards, and railroad piers. By the early XX century, Turtle Bay was "a riverside back yard" for the city, as the WPA Guide to New York City (1939) described it: "huge industrial enterprises— breweries, laundries, abattoirs, power plants— along the water front face squalid tenements not far away from new apartment dwellings attracted to the section by its river view and its central position. The numerous plants shower this district with the heaviest sootfall in the city— 150 tons to the square mile annually.” The huge Waterside Station, a power plant operated by the Consolidated Edison Company, producing 367,000 kilowatts of electricity in its coal-fired plant, marked the southern boundary of the neighborhood. There were also 18 acres (73,000 m2) of slaughterhouses along First Avenue. With an infusion of poor immigrants having had come in the later part of the XIX century, and the opening of the elevated train lines along Second and Third Avenues, the neighborhood went into decay with crumbling tenement buildings.

Notable queer residents at Turtle Bay:
• No. 109 E. 42nd St, 10017: Greta Garbo (1905-1990) and Mauritz Stiller occupied rooms at the Hotel Commodore in the first two months of their stay in America in July 1925. The Hotel Commodore (today the Grand Hyatt) was a modest place, at 42nd street, which formed a part of Grand Central Station and just a few steps away from the MGM office at Broadway.
• 525 Lexington Ave, 10017 (now the New York Marriot East Side): in 1925 Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986) and Alfred Stieglitz moved to the Shelton Hotel taking an apartment on the 30th floor of the new building. They would live here for 12 years. With a spectacular view, Georgia began to paint the city. The building was depicted in some of the works of these two legendary tenants, O’Keefe the painter and Stieglitz the photographer.
• No. 237 E. 48th St, 10017: Dorothy Thompson (1894-1961), a well-known foreign correspondent and author of "I Saw Hitler," was once married to writer Sinclair Lewis, but the great love of her life was Christa Winsloe, author of the novel upon which the classic lesbian film, "Madchen in Uniform" was based. After they broke up, Thompson lived alone in this three-story brownstone from 1941 to 1957. She spent more than $20,000 for renovations to make it, as she wrote, “the most perfect small house I have ever seen.” Thompson’s “small” home included a library with more than 3,000 books, five fireplaces, and a third-floor study for writing. In the drawing room, a wine-colored satin sofa could hold, she bragged, five of “the most distinguished bottoms in New York.” In the front door were eight painted glass panels showing Thompson in medieval attire performing various tasks – writing, lecturing, greeting guests. There was also the house’s motto: “Gallus in sterquilinio suo plurimum potest.” (“The rooster on his own dunghill is very much in charge.”)
• No. 246 E. 49th St, 10017: Stephen Sondheim (born 1930) has been a long-time resident of the Turtle Bay Gardens. Sondheim has spoken in the past of feeling like an outsider – “somebody who people want to both kiss and kill” – from quite early on in his life. He spent some 25 years – from his thirties through his fifties – in analysis, did not come out as gay until he was about 40, and did not live with a partner, a dramatist named Peter Jones, until he was 61. They separated in 1999. Since 2004 he has been in a relationship with Jeff Romley (born 1978.) In 1969, while he was playing music, he heard a knock on the door. His neighbor, Katharine Hepburn, was in "bare feet – this angry, red-faced lady" and told him "You have been keeping me awake all night!" (she was practicing for her musical debut in Coco). When Sondheim asked why she had not asked him to play for her, she said she lost his phone number. According to Sondheim, "My guess is that she wanted to stand there in her bare feet, suffering for her art".
• No. 244 E. 49 St, 10017: Katharine Hepburn (1907-2003) lived in the apartment at 244 East 49th Street in the Turtle Bay neighborhood for more than 60 years. After her death in 2003, her beloved four-story brownstone was sold sight-unseen to a fan in 2004 for $3.9 million. According to the listing for the renting, the home has been renovated, but “the original mirrored dressing room area retains the glitter.” There is a formal entry, spacious living room, a parlor floor and the master bedroom/bath on the third floor and guest bedrooms on the fourth floor. Behind the brownstone are communal gardens — Turtle Bay Gardens — which are shared by other rowhome owners on East 49th and East 48th Streets. The city honored Hepburn by renaming the nearby intersection of Second Avenue and East 49th Street “Katharine Hepburn Place.” Nearby, in the Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, is a garden dedicated to her — the Katharine Hepburn Garden – which contains 12 stepping stones inscribed with quotes by Hepburn.
• No. 211 E. 49th St, 10017: Amster Yard, located at East 49th Street between Second and Third Avenues. James Amster (1908-1986) had first set eyes on what would become Amster Yard back in 1944 when, after a dinner party, two other guests who were in real estate business took him to see some “down-in-the-heels properties,” as he called them. An old tenement, boarding house, and a carpenter’s workshop ringed a debris-filled yard. But the creative Amster immediately saw potential in the site. Within two years, on a May evening in 1946, Amster was ready to unveil his charming Amster Yard with a grand party attended by some 700 clients, friends and the press. Eugenia Sheppard, writing for the New York Herald Tribune, described her gracious and handsome host as “a man with great romantic flair” and Amster Yard as “pretty and perfect… inside and out.” It was Amster’s dream to make Amster Yard a center of the design profession, and the earliest residents of its six apartments included the Yard’s architect, Sterner, and his wife, Paula; art patron Leonard Hanna; interior designer Billy Baldwin; artist Isamu Noguchi; fahion designer Norman Norell; as well as Amster, of course. Robert Moyer, Jimmy Amster’s partner for 41 years, stayed on at Amster Yard after Amster died in 1986 moving out in 1992.

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1544066585 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1544066589
CreateSpace eStore: https://www.createspace.com/6980442
Amazon print: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1544066589/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1BU9K/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

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