elisa_rolle (elisa_rolle) wrote,

Lillien Jane Martin (June 7, 1851 – March 26, 1943)

Lillien Jane Martin was an American psychologist. She published over twelve books. Martin experienced ageism and sexism as an early woman in psychology.
Born: June 7, 1851, Olean, New York, United States
Died: March 26, 1943, San Francisco, California, United States
Education: Vassar College
Lived: Shreve Building, 210 Post St, San Francisco, CA 94108, USA (37.78894, -122.40549)
Buried: Bench at Golden Gate Park with Fidelia Jewett (memorial)
Buried alongside: Fidelia Jewett
Find A Grave Memorial# 171945144
Books: Sweeping the Cobwebs, Mental Hygiene: Two Years' Experience of a Clinical Psychologist

School: Vassar College (124 Raymond Ave, Poughkeepsie, NY 12604) is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college in the town of Poughkeepsie, New York. Founded in 1861 by Matthew Vassar, it was the first degree-granting institution of higher education for women in the United States. It became coeducational in 1969, and now has a gender ratio at the national average. The school is one of the historic Seven Sisters, the first elite female colleges in the U.S., and has a historic relationship with Yale University, which suggested a merger with the college before coeducation at both institutions. Notable queer alumni and faculty: Alma Lutz (1890-1973), Delia Sherman (born 1951), Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892–1950), Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979), Lilian May Miller (1895-1943), Lillien Jane Martin (1851–1943), Louise Crane (1913–1997), Marguerite Smith (died 1959), Rhoda Bubendey Metraux (1914–2003), Ruth Benedict (1887–1948).

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1544066585 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1544066589
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House: Shreve & Company is an established retailer of jewelry, from timepieces to diamonds, headquartered in San Francisco, California. Incorporated in 1894 by George Rodman and Albert J. Lewis, it is considered the oldest commercial establishment in San Francisco. Shreve & Co has had a tumultuous history, ranging from Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 1992 to most recently losing their lease to Harry Winston.

Address: 210 Post St, San Francisco, CA 94108, USA (37.78894, -122.40549)
Phone: +1 415-421-2600
Website: www.shreve.com

The company's precursor, The Shreve Jewelry Company, was established by Rodman's father and uncle, George and Samuel Shreve, who had moved to San Francisco from New York City. George learned goldsmithing from his older half-brother, Benjamin. The latter had established Shreve, Crump & Low in Boston. By the 1880s, The Shreve Jewelry Company was considered among the finest silversmiths in the United States, selling high quality timepieces, gold, and silver jewelry, aside from diamonds and precious stones. The store, which had opened at Montgomery and Clay, soon moved to Market Street. Just a month before the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Shreve & Co. opened its new eleven-story building at Post and Grant. Built with the latest engineering technologies of its time, the Shreve & Co. building was one of a few San Francisco buildings that survived the April 18 earthquake. With its building rendered unusable, the company opened shop in Oakland, where it stayed for two years. The company's first flatware products and illustrated catalogs were created at this time. In 1992, Shreve & Co filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy (owned at the time by Birks Group of Canada) and was sold to The Schiffman Group in North Carolina and to Suna Bros Inc. in New York. In 2011, after more than a century of operating within California, the company launched its first store in Portland, Oregon, offering timepieces from A. Lange & Söhne, Baume & Mercier, IWC, Jaeger-LeCoultre, Officine Panerai, Patek Philippe, Rolex, Wellendorff and Vacheron Constantin. In 2015, Shreve & Co lost their lease to Harry Winston due to skyrocketing rents around Union Square. They relocated further down to 150 Post St.

Who: Lillien Jane Martin (1851–1943)
Lillien Jane Martin was an American psychologist. She published over twelve books. Martin experienced ageism and sexism as an early woman in psychology. Lillien Jane Martin obtained her Bachelor of Arts from Vassar College and taught as a high school science teacher. She then studied at the University of Göttingen from 1894 until 1898. She started teaching psychology at Stanford University in 1899. She was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Bonn in 1913. Historically, The University of Bonn had declined to admit her because she was a woman. After leaving Stanford in 1916, she became a consulting psychologist and psychopathologist. She was the head of a mental health clinic in San Francisco, California. This mental health clinic was the first in the world for elderly people and non-handicap children. Martin paid for a bench, now in Golden Gate Park, to Honor: “Fidelia Jewett (October 3, 1851-1933), A Public School Teacher in San Francisco, For Almost Fifty Years, A Founder in Salvaging Old Age”. On the base at the rear of the bench, now barely visible above the grass, there is more lettering: “Lillien J. Martin (1851-1943), Guide the Child, Salvage the Old. In 1889, Martin attended a teachers convention in San Francisco and landed a job as vice principal and head of the science department at the Girls High School. There she met Miss Jewett. Fidelia Jewett was born in Weybridge, Vermont. Jewett taught mathematics and botany without a college degree since the 1880s at the Girls High School in San Francisco. She and Martin were intimate friends almost from the moment their paths crossed and they remained friends until Jewett's death in 1933. In 1894 Martin resigned from the Girls High School to earn a doctoral degree in psychology in Gottingen. Jewett joined her there the following year. Back in San Francisco, Jewett resumed her teaching at the same high school. When Martin returned to the United States in 1898, she was immediately offered a position teaching psychology at Stanford. But between the time she returned from Germany and her job began at Stanford, Martin had no source of income. Jewett gave Martin half of her salary until Stanford paid Martin. Martin, an equally supportive friend, encouraged Jewett to earn a college degree. The bench was originally a monument to Jewett in downtown San Francisco's posh Union Square, near Martin’s apartment in the Shreve Building, where it was placed in 1933 for $2000. It was considered no longer in accord with the Square's decor in 1946 and moved to the park, presumably acquiring its inscription about Martin during that decade. Fidelia Jewett has also a stone at Union Cemetery (730 Potomac Avenu, Bakersfield, CA 93307), but the cemetery has no record of her being buried there.

Queer Places, Vol. 1.1: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World
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